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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2012

01-08-2012 | Original Paper

Do Planning and Visual Integration Difficulties Underpin Motor Dysfunction in Autism? A Kinematic Study of Young Children with Autism

Auteurs: Ariane M. Dowd, Jennifer L. McGinley, John R. Taffe, Nicole J. Rinehart

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2012

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Abstract

This paper examines the upper-limb movement kinematics of young children (3–7 years) with high-functioning autism using a point-to-point movement paradigm. Consistent with prior findings in older children, a difference in movement preparation was found in the autism group (n = 11) relative to typically developing children. In contrast to typically developing children, the presence of a visual distractor in the movement task did not appear to impact on early movement planning or execution in children with autism, suggesting that this group were not considering all available environmental cues to modulate movement. The findings from this study are consistent with the possibility that autism is associated with a difficulty using visual information to prime alternative movements in a responsive way to environmental demands.
Voetnoten
1
A slight departure and return to zero velocity within the start position was noted in all movements. This was found to result from the stylus ‘jerking’ when initially touched to the screen, and was not regarded as initiation of movement.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Do Planning and Visual Integration Difficulties Underpin Motor Dysfunction in Autism? A Kinematic Study of Young Children with Autism
Auteurs
Ariane M. Dowd
Jennifer L. McGinley
John R. Taffe
Nicole J. Rinehart
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1385-8