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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2007

01-02-2007 | Original Paper

Designing Research Studies on Psychosocial Interventions in Autism

Auteurs: Tristram Smith, Lawrence Scahill, Geraldine Dawson, Donald Guthrie, Catherine Lord, Samuel Odom, Sally Rogers, Ann Wagner

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2007

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Abstract

To address methodological challenges in research on psychosocial interventions for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a model was developed for systematically validating and disseminating interventions in a sequence of steps. First, initial efficacy studies are conducted to establish interventions as promising. Next, promising interventions are assembled into a manual, which undergoes pilot-testing. Then, randomized clinical trials test efficacy under controlled conditions. Finally, effectiveness studies evaluate outcomes in community settings. Guidelines for research designs at each step are presented. Based on the model, current priorities in ASD research include (a) preparation for efficacy and effectiveness trials by developing manuals for interventions that have shown promise and (b) initial efficacy studies on interventions for core features of ASD such as social reciprocity.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Designing Research Studies on Psychosocial Interventions in Autism
Auteurs
Tristram Smith
Lawrence Scahill
Geraldine Dawson
Donald Guthrie
Catherine Lord
Samuel Odom
Sally Rogers
Ann Wagner
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0173-3