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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 1/2019

01-10-2018 | Original Article

Cognitive Processing and Regulation Modulates Analogue Trauma Symptoms in a Virtual Reality Paradigm

Auteurs: T. Schweizer, Fritz Renner, Dali Sun, Christian Becker-Asano, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 1/2019

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Abstract

To date, few studies have examined stress responses during or shortly after potentially traumatic events in real-time. In this study, a prospective Virtual Reality analogue trauma paradigm was used to assess peri- and post-traumatic stress responses in healthy individuals (N = 80). Here we compared a range of peri-traumatic psychophysiological responses following analogue trauma to a control condition. Furthermore, we aimed to identify essential regulatory mechanisms in response to an analogue trauma and their effects on subsequent analogue trauma symptoms. Therefore, we examined the impact of subjective and physiological emotional responses, cognitive processing, cognitive regulation and appraisal as well as flexible emotion regulation on analogue trauma symptoms. Results of the hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that cognitive processing as well as cognitive regulation and appraisal predicted analogue trauma symptoms beyond psychophysiological responses, while flexible emotion regulation was uniquely predictive only directly afterwards. The findings provide evidence that flexible emotion regulation might be in particular protective directly after trauma exposure and highlight the general importance of peri- and post-traumatic cognitive factors in the development and maintenance of stress-associated psychopathology, thereby supporting cognitive models of PTSD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Processing and Regulation Modulates Analogue Trauma Symptoms in a Virtual Reality Paradigm
Auteurs
T. Schweizer
Fritz Renner
Dali Sun
Christian Becker-Asano
Brunna Tuschen-Caffier
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 1/2019
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-018-9967-9