Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Marlena Duda, Jena Daniels, and Dennis Wall were at the Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA at the time of the study.
The Mobile Autism Risk Assessment (MARA) is a new, electronically administered, 7-question autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screen to triage those at highest risk for ASD. Children 16 months–17 years (N = 222) were screened during their first visit in a developmental-behavioral pediatric clinic. MARA scores were compared to diagnosis from the clinical encounter. Participant median age was 5.8 years, 76.1 % were male, and most participants had an intelligence/developmental quotient score >85; 69 of the participants (31 %) received a clinical diagnosis of ASD. The sensitivity of the MARA in detecting ASD was 89.9 % [95 % CI = 82.7–97]; the specificity was 79.7 % [95 % CI = 73.4–86.1]. In a high-risk clinical setting, the MARA shows promise as a screen to distinguish ASD from other developmental/behavioral disorders.
American Psychiatric Association, & Task Force on DSM-IV. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Association, A. P. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Bayley, N. (2006). Manual for the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler development (3rd ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Chandler, S., Charman, T., Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Loucas, T., Meldrum, D., & Pickles, A. (2007). Validation of the social communication questionnaire in a population cohort of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(10), 1324–1332. doi: 10.1097/chi.0b013e31812f7d8d. CrossRefPubMed
Constantino, J. N. (2002). The Social Responsiveness Scale. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Constantino, J. N., Davis, S. A., Todd, R. D., Schindler, M. K., Gross, M. M., Brophy, S. L., et al. (2003). Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: Comparison of the social responsiveness scale with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33(4), 427–433. CrossRefPubMed
Elliott, C. (2007). Differential Ability Scales (2nd ed.). San Antonio: Pearson.
Geschwind, D. H., Sowinski, J., Lord, C., Iversen, P., Shestack, J., Jones, P., et al. (2001). The autism genetic resource exchange: A resource for the study of autism and related neuropsychiatric conditions. American Journal of Human Genetics, 69(2), 463–466. doi: 10.1086/321292. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Gilliam, J. (1995). Gilliam Autism Rating Scale. Austin, TX: PRO-ED.
Gilliam, J. (2006). Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: PRO-ED.
Hampton, J., & Strand, P. S. (2015). A review of level 2 parent-report instruments used to screen children aged 1.5–5 for autism: A meta-analytic update. J Autism Dev Disord. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2419-4
National Research Council (U.S.), & Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism. (2001). Educating children with autism. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Oosterling, I., Rommelse, N., de Jonge, M., van der Gaag, R. J., Swinkels, S., Roos, S., et al. (2010). How useful is the Social Communication Questionnaire in toddlers at risk of autism spectrum disorder? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(11), 1260–1268. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02246.x. CrossRefPubMed
Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 years - Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 sites, United States, 2010. (2014). MMWR Surveillance Summary, 63(Suppl 2), 1–21.
Rutter, M., Bailey, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Manual for the Social Communication Questionnaire. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Sparrow, S., Balla, D., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Interview Edition. Circle Pines, MN: AGS.
Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Lord, C., Rogers, S., Carter, A., Carver, L., et al. (2009). Clinical assessment and management of toddlers with suspected autism spectrum disorder: Insights from studies of high-risk infants. Pediatrics, 123(5), 1383–1391. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-1606. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
- Clinical Evaluation of a Novel and Mobile Autism Risk Assessment
Dennis P. Wall
- Springer US