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17-03-2016 | Original Paper | Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2016

Differences in Social Motivation in Children with Smith–Magenis Syndrome and Down Syndrome

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 6/2016
Lucy Wilde, Anna Mitchell, Chris Oliver
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10803-016-2743-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.


Social excesses, characterised by heightened social motivation, are important for describing social functioning. Smith–Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a potential exemplar of a disorder where heightened social motivation is associated with negative behavioural outcomes. In Down syndrome (DS) strong social motivation is described, but less commonly associated with behavioural problems. Children with SMS (n = 21) and DS (n = 19) were observed during social situations, in which familiarity of adults present and level of attention available were manipulated. Motivation in SMS was characterised by comparatively frequent social initiations when adult attention was low, and stronger preference for familiar adults, compared to DS. Findings provide insight into the nature of social motivation in SMS and support an argument for nuanced consideration of motivation.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 20 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 16 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 16 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 15 kb)
Supplementary material 5 (DOCX 14 kb)
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