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31-08-2017 | Original Paper | Uitgave 11/2017

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2017

Behavioral Phenotype of ASD Preschoolers with Gastrointestinal Symptoms or Food Selectivity

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 11/2017
Auteurs:
Margherita Prosperi, Elisa Santocchi, Giulia Balboni, Antonio Narzisi, Margherita Bozza, Francesca Fulceri, Fabio Apicella, Roberta Igliozzi, Angela Cosenza, Raffaella Tancredi, Sara Calderoni, Filippo Muratori
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Results from this study will be presented as a poster at the upcoming IMFAR 2017—International Meeting for Autism Research, San Francisco (USA).
Margherita Prosperi and Elisa Santocchi have contributed equally to this work.
This paper is based on an earlier study (Fulceri et al. 2016a): a new cohort of patients with ASD was evaluated in the current study.

Abstract

This study investigated the prevalence and type of gastrointestinal (GI) and food selectivity (FS) symptoms in 163 preschoolers with ASD, and their possible links with core ASD features and emotional/behavioural problems. 40.5% of children with ASD had at least one severe GI symptom or FS. Preschoolers with and without GI symptoms and with and without FS were significantly different on several emotional/behavioural problems and restrictive/repetitive behaviours, whereas they did not differ significantly on performance IQ and autistic severity. The GI plus FS group presented with Sleep Problems, Self-injurious Behaviors and Anxiety Problems. Results indicated the need for early identification of GI disturbances and FS in order to design tailored intervention for these symptoms frequently associated to challenging behaviours in ASD.

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