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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2/2015

01-04-2015

Volitional processes and daily smoking: examining inter- and intraindividual associations around a quit attempt

Auteurs: Corina Berli, Sibylle Ochsner, Gertraud Stadler, Nina Knoll, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 2/2015

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Abstract

The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) assumes that volitional processes are important for effective behavioral change. However, intraindividual associations have not yet been tested in the context of smoking cessation. This study examined the inter- and intraindividual associations between volitional HAPA variables and daily smoking before and after a quit attempt. Overall, 100 smokers completed daily surveys on mobile phones from 10 days before until 21 days after a self-set quit date, including self-efficacy, action planning, action control, and numbers of cigarettes smoked. Negative associations between volitional variables and daily numbers of cigarettes smoked emerged at the inter- and intraindividual level. Except for interindividual action planning, associations were stronger after the quit date than before the quit date. Self-efficacy, planning and action control were identified as critical inter- and intraindividual processes in smoking cessation, particularly after a self-set quit attempt when actual behavior change is performed.
Voetnoten
1
This study was part of a larger longitudinal study. Based on these data, the research team has pursued other unique theoretical questions in publications with a different theoretical focus and different data subsets (Lüscher et al., in press; Lüscher et al., 2014; Ochsner et al., in press; Ochsner et al., 2014).
 
2
Due to the competing statement of repeated measures, models including a random effect of the intercept did not converge why no random intercept was specified in the analyses.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Volitional processes and daily smoking: examining inter- and intraindividual associations around a quit attempt
Auteurs
Corina Berli
Sibylle Ochsner
Gertraud Stadler
Nina Knoll
Rainer Hornung
Urte Scholz
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 2/2015
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-014-9598-x