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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2/2015

01-04-2015

Can behavioral theory inform the understanding of depression and medication nonadherence among HIV-positive substance users?

Auteurs: Jessica F. Magidson, Alyson Listhaus, C. J. Seitz-Brown, Steven A. Safren, C. W. Lejuez, Stacey B. Daughters

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 2/2015

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Abstract

Medication adherence is highly predictive of health outcomes across chronic conditions, particularly HIV/AIDS. Depression is consistently associated with worse adherence, yet few studies have sought to understand how depression relates to adherence. This study tested three components of behavioral depression theory—goal-directed activation, positive reinforcement, and environmental punishment—as potential indirect effects in the relation between depressive symptoms and medication nonadherence among low-income, predominantly African American substance users (n = 83). Medication nonadherence was assessed as frequency of doses missed across common reasons for nonadherence. Non-parametric bootstrapping was used to evaluate the indirect effects. Of the three intermediary variables, there was only an indirect effect of environmental punishment; depressive symptoms were associated with greater nonadherence through greater environmental punishment. Goal-directed activation and positive reinforcement were unrelated to adherence. Findings suggest the importance of environmental punishment in the relation between depression and medication adherence and may inform future intervention efforts for this population.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Can behavioral theory inform the understanding of depression and medication nonadherence among HIV-positive substance users?
Auteurs
Jessica F. Magidson
Alyson Listhaus
C. J. Seitz-Brown
Steven A. Safren
C. W. Lejuez
Stacey B. Daughters
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 2/2015
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-014-9606-1