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24-09-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Validation of the English-Language Version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in India: a Rasch Analysis

Auteurs: Kalpana Raman, Richard J. Siegert, Proshanto Kr. Saha, Christian U. Krägeloh

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Numerous studies have documented the positive effects of mindfulness practice on the alleviation of various kinds of psychological distress, but a dearth of evidence remains related to the validity of common mindfulness instruments in Indian populations. The present study aimed to explore the higher-order construct of mindfulness in India and evaluate the psychometric properties of the widely used 39-item Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire-English-language version (FFMQ) on a sample recruited from India.

Methods

Adults (n = 300) between the age range of 20 and 35 years who have neither had experience nor exposure to any previous meditative technique participated in this study. Using Rasch analysis, various FFMQ models were tested. To support the findings of Rasch analysis and to provide continuity with some of the past research, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was also performed to validate our findings.

Results

Adequate Rasch analysis fits were not achieved for the conventional five-factor model but further iterative analysis identified three misfitting items of the Describing facet (items 12, 16, and 22). Using a subtest approach, a modified five-factor solution without the three misfitting items provided an acceptable fit, which was subsequently confirmed by the CFA.

Conclusion

This study confirmed the suitability of the higher-order structure of the FFMQ for use in India. The English-language version of the FFMQ has been shown to have good psychometric properties if three items from the Describing facet are removed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Validation of the English-Language Version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in India: a Rasch Analysis
Auteurs
Kalpana Raman
Richard J. Siegert
Proshanto Kr. Saha
Christian U. Krägeloh
Publicatiedatum
24-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01757-8

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