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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 12/2021

12-10-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

The Mediating Role of Dispositional Mindfulness in the Associations Between Intimate Violence, Self-esteem, and Distress Among Adolescents

Auteurs: Jacinthe Dion, Kevin Smith, Marie-Pier Dufour, Linda Paquette, Johanne Dubreuil, Natacha Godbout

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Although dating violence has been recognized as a major public health issue considering its high prevalence and deleterious consequences, little research has been conducted on the potential mechanisms through which dating violence is associated with negative psychological outcomes. The aim of this study was to test the mediational effect of dispositional mindfulness on the relationship between dating violence (victimization and perpetration), psychological distress, and self-esteem by including measures of both current and previous dating violence and by controlling for gender, age, and dating relationship length.

Methods

The sample consisted of 227 adolescents (127 girls and 100 boys) aged between 15 and 17 old recruited in a small urban area. They completed measures of previous and current experiences of dating victimization and perpetration, the K10 psychological distress scale, the Self-Description Questionnaire which measures self-esteem, and the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure.

Results

The results showed that previous dating violence victimization was associated with lower dispositional mindfulness, which in turn was related to lower self-esteem and higher psychological distress, suggesting a mediation through dispositional mindfulness. However, in the integrative model, previous dating violence perpetration was not associated with dispositional mindfulness, self-esteem, or psychological distress.

Conclusions

These results indicate the importance of previous dating violence victimization and its association with lower dispositional mindfulness, leading to lower self-esteem and higher psychological distress in teenagers.

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Metagegevens
Titel
The Mediating Role of Dispositional Mindfulness in the Associations Between Intimate Violence, Self-esteem, and Distress Among Adolescents
Auteurs
Jacinthe Dion
Kevin Smith
Marie-Pier Dufour
Linda Paquette
Johanne Dubreuil
Natacha Godbout
Publicatiedatum
12-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01767-6