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08-12-2017 | Uitgave 5/2018

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 5/2018

Trajectories of Italian Children’s Peer Rejection: Associations with Aggression, Prosocial Behavior, Physical Attractiveness, and Adolescent Adjustment

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 5/2018
Auteurs:
Laura Di Giunta, Concetta Pastorelli, Eriona Thartori, Anna Silvia Bombi, Emma Baumgartner, Richard A. Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin, Craig K. Enders
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-017-0373-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

In the present study, the predictors and outcomes associated with the trajectories of peer rejection were examined in a longitudinal sample of Italian children (338 boys, 269 girls) ages 10 to 14 years. Follow-up assessments included 60% of the original sample at age 16–17. Low, medium, and high rejection trajectory groups were identified using growth mixture models. Consistent with previous studies, we found that (a) being less prosocial and more physically aggressive at age 10 was characteristic of those children with the high rejection trajectory; (b) being less attractive was related to higher peer rejection from age 10 to 14; and (c) boys with a high rejection trajectory showed high levels of delinquency and anxiety-depression and low levels of academic aspiration at age 16–17, whereas girls with a high rejection trajectory showed low levels of academic aspiration and social competence at age 16–17. Our findings indicate the detrimental consequences of peer rejection on children’s development and adjustment and shed light on the mechanisms that contribute to maintaining or worsening (e.g., being attractive, prosocial, and aggressive) a child’s negative status (e.g., being rejected) within his or her peer group over time.

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10802_2017_373_MOESM1_ESM.doc
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