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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 5/2021

22-09-2020 | Original Article

The Mediational Effect of Affect Dysregulation on the Association Between Attachment to Parents and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents

Auteurs: Stephanie G. Craig, Carlos Sierra Hernandez, Marlene M. Moretti, Debra J. Pepler

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 5/2021

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Abstract

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a childhood disorder, commonly occurring in early school aged children with some symptoms becoming normative in adolescence (e.g., irritability, disagreeing). Affect dysregulation is a risk factor in the development of ODD. Affect regulation is nurtured within parent–child relationships, thus disruptions to attachment may derail children’s capacity to develop adaptive affect regulation, increasing the risk for ODD. Using a high-risk sample of adolescents, we investigated the association between attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance with ODD through affect dysregulation. Attachment anxiety, but not avoidance, was associated with affect dysregulation and ODD. Affect dysregulation was found to fully mediate the relationship between attachment anxiety and ODD concurrently and prospectively. Similar findings have been demonstrated among children; results show that attachment anxiety, and its effects on affect dysregulation, are associated with ODD symptoms well into adolescence.
Voetnoten
1
No differences between the sites, or indicators of socio-economic status were found for any variable of interest.
 
2
While the current paper focused on attachment with mothers for ease of reporting, we note here that models in the analysis were the same for mothers and fathers.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Mediational Effect of Affect Dysregulation on the Association Between Attachment to Parents and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents
Auteurs
Stephanie G. Craig
Carlos Sierra Hernandez
Marlene M. Moretti
Debra J. Pepler
Publicatiedatum
22-09-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-020-01059-5

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