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18-09-2020 | Original Article | Uitgave 5/2021 Open Access

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 5/2021

Your Fear is My Fear: The Relationship Between Parental and Offspring Anxieties

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 5/2021
Auteurs:
Dirk Adolph, Jürgen Margraf, Silvia Schneider
Belangrijke opmerkingen
A correction to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10578-021-01207-5.

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Abstract

Contrary to the well-documented link between parental and offspring clinical anxiety, little is known about the relationship between parental everyday-life anxieties (e.g., concerning family, finances, health) and offspring anxieties. To close this gap, we assessed the frequency of parental symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety disorders and everyday-life anxieties, as well as the frequency of offspring anxiety symptoms in a representative sample by self-report. Parents reported that 48.4% of the children were free of specific symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety disorders within the last 12 months, 39.2% showed low symptom load (1–3 symptoms) and 12.4% were moderately or severely strained (4–10 symptoms). Replicating previous studies, parental DSM-IV symptoms increased offspring risk for the same symptoms. In addition, parental everyday-life anxieties showed a positive relationship with offspring symptom severity. Demographic variables (female sex, low socioeconomic status and younger age) and parental anxiety markers explained 18% of variance in offspring symptom severity. The data are discussed in light of current models of familial transmission.

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