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04-10-2020 | Original Article

The Conceptualization of the Positive Cognitive Triad and Associations with Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development
Auteurs:
Caroline M. Pittard, Patrick Pössel, Jill L. Adelson, Susan H. Spence, Jeanie Sheffield, Michael G. Sawyer
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10578-020-01062-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

The positive cognitive triad (positive cognitions about the self, world, and future) has been considered a protective factor against depressive symptoms. This study examines three conceptualizations of the positive cognitive triad and their relation to depressive symptoms. Analyses were replicated in two samples in order to provide evidence for the validity of findings. Two samples (n1 = 2982, Mage = 13.04, Rangeage = 11–15 years; n2 = 2540, Mage = 13.11, Rangeage = 11–16 years) of Australian adolescents completed the Positive Cognitive Triad Inventory and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Findings supported the notion that the overall positive cognitive triad is a protective factor for depressive symptoms, and specifically, the role of positive cognitions about the self in this protection. After future studies examine the directionality of the relation between positive cognitions and depressive symptoms, mental health providers using cognitive behavioral approaches may consider examining positive cognitions with patients.

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