Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Earlier versions of the data were submitted as a Doctoral thesis at the University of East London in 2010 for the Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology and presented at the following conferences: International Control Systems Group conference, Manchester, 2010; North East London Foundation Trust Annual Research and Development conference, London, 2011 and British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies Annual conference, Guildford, 2011.
Theorists have highlighted the commonalities in cognitive and behavioural processes across multiple disorders i.e. transdiagnostic approach. We report two studies that tested the psychometric properties of a new scale to assess these processes. The Cognitive and Behavioural Processes Questionnaire (CBP-Q) was developed as a 15-item measure. In Study 1, the CBP-Q was administered to a student (n = 172) sample with a range of standardised measures of the processes and symptom measures. Study 2 repeated the evaluation in a mixed clinical group (n = 161) and a community control group (n = 57). An exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 12-item version of the CBP-Q, consisting of a single factor. The measure demonstrated good internal consistency, test–retest stability and satisfactory convergent and divergent validity in both studies. Correlations with symptom-based measures showed increased engagement in these cognitive and behavioural processes to be associated with higher levels of symptomatology. The scale was elevated in the clinical relative to the community group and there were no differences in scores between broad diagnostic groupings (anxiety vs. mood vs. other). The CBP-Q has good psychometric properties. The findings are consistent with the transdiagnostic approach and indicate that a single, as yet unspecified factor may account for the shared variance across cognitive and behavioural maintenance processes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baracca Mairal, J. (2004). Spanish adaptation of the acceptance and action questionnaire. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 4, 505–515.
Barker, C., Pistrang, N., & Elliott, R. (2002). Research methods in clinical psychology: An introduction for students and practitioners (2nd ed.). Chichester: Wiley. CrossRef
Bird, T., Mansell, W., & Tai, S. J. (2009). Method of levels: Initial steps in assessing adherence and the development of a qualitative framework for mapping clients’ control hierarchies. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 2, 145–166. CrossRef
Boelen, P. A., & Reijntjes, A. (2008). Measuring experiential avoidance: Reliability and validity of the Dutch 9-item AAQ. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 30, 241–251. CrossRef
Carey, T. A. (2006). The methods of levels: How to do psychotherapy without getting in the way. Hayward: Living Control Systems.
Comrey, A. L., & Lee, H. B. (1992). A first course in factor analysis (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Ehring, T., & Watkins, E. (2008). Repetitive negative thinking as a transdiagnostic process. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 1, 192–205. CrossRef
Field, A. P., & Cartwright-Hatton, S. (2008). Shared and unique cognitive factors in social anxiety. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 1, 206–222. CrossRef
First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (1995). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders-patient edition (SCID-I/P, Version 2.0). New York: Biometrics Research Department of the New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Gibbs, B. R., & Rude, S. (2004). Overgeneral autobiographical memory as depression vulnerability. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 511–526. CrossRef
Gilbert, P. (2005). Compassion: Conceptualisation, research and use in psychotherapy. Hove: Routledge.
Harvey, A., Watkins, E., Mansell, W., & Shafran, R. (2004). Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (1999). Acceptance and commitment therapy: An experiential approach to behaviour change. New York: Guildford Press.
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K., Wilson, K. G., Bissett, R. T., Pistorello, J., Toarmino, D., et al. (2004). Measuring experiential avoidance: A preliminary test of a working model. The Psychological Record, 54, 553–578.
Jostes, A., Pook, M., & Florin, I. (1999). Public and private self-consciousness as specific psychopathological features. Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 1285–1295. CrossRef
Kroenke, K., & Spitzer, R. L. (2002). The PHQ-9: A new depression diagnostic and severity measure. Psychiatric Annals, 32, 509–521. CrossRef
Lorenzo-Seva, U., & Ferrando, P. J. (2013). FACTOR 9.2: A comprehensive program for fitting exploratory and semiconfirmatory factor analysis and IRT models. Applied Psychological Measurement, 37, 497–498. CrossRef
Mansell, W. (2005). Control theory and psychopathology: An integrative approach. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 78, 141–178. CrossRef
Mansell, W., Carey, T. A., & Tai, S. (2012). A Transdiagnostic approach to CBT using method of levels therapy. East Sussex: Routledge.
Mansell, W., Harvey, A., Watkins, E., & Shafran, R. (2008). Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders: A review of the utility and validity of the transdiagnostic approach. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 1, 181–191.
Mansell, W., Harvey, A., Watkins, E., & Shafran, R. (2009). Conceptual foundations of the transdiagnostic approach to CBT. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 23, 13–26. CrossRef
Molina, S., & Borkovec, T. D. (1994). The penn state worry questionnaire: Psychometric properties and associated characteristics. In G. C. L. Davey & F. Tallis (Eds.), Worrying: Perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 265–283). Chichester: Wiley.
Powers, W. T. (1973). Behavior: The control of perception. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co.
Snider, J. G., & Osgood, C. E. (1969). Semantic differential technique: A sourcebook. Chicago: Aldine.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Veale, D., Ellison, N., Boschen, M., Costa, A., Whelan, C., Muccio, F., et al. (2013). Development of an inventory to measure specific phobia of vomiting (emetophobia). Cognitive Therapy and Research, 37, 595–604. CrossRef
Veale, D., Eshkevari, E., Kanakam, N., Ellison, N., Costa, A., & Werner, T. (2014). The Appearance Anxiety Inventory: Validation of a process measure in the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42, 605–616.
Wegner, D. M., & Zanakos, S. (1994). Chronic thought suppression. Journal of Personality, 62, 615–640. CrossRef
Wells, A. (2009). Metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression. New York: Guildford Press.
Wells, A., & Matthews, G. (1994). Attention and emotion: A clinical perspective. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Wilson, P., & Cooper, C. (2008). Finding the magic number. The Psychologist, 21, 866–867.
Zwick, W. R., & Velicer, W. F. (1986). Comparison of five rules for determining the number of components to retain. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 432–442. CrossRef
- The Cognitive Behavioural Processes Questionnaire: A Preliminary Analysis within Student, Mixed Clinical and Community Samples and the Identification of a Core Transdiagnostic Process
- Springer US