Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
A recently developed self-report questionnaire, the Negative Self Portrayal Scale (NSPS; Moscovitch and Huyder in Behav Ther 42:183–196. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2010.04.007, 2011) assesses concerns about appearing socially incompetent, physically unattractive, and/or visibly anxious to evaluative others. Initial validation studies of the NSPS yielded promising results but were conducted exclusively on samples of undergraduate students. Here, we aimed to replicate and extend those initial studies by examining the factor structure, construct validity, and treatment sensitivity of the NSPS in samples of community-based participants with a principal diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD), a principal anxiety disorder diagnosis other than SAD, or no history of psychological problems. Results provided support for the construct validity of the NSPS within clinical samples and suggested that the types of concerns assessed by the NSPS and its subscales may be useful for predicting individual differences in emotional and behavioral symptoms of social anxiety (SA) and for conceptualizing change processes during cognitive behavioral therapy for SAD. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that while the hypothesized three-factor model fit significantly better than an alternative one-factor model, the fit indices associated with the three-factor model were below satisfactory cutoffs, thus tempering conclusions that the best fitting structure was found and highlighting the need for additional research. Implications of these findings are discussed vis-à-vis Moscovitch’s (Cogn Behav Pract 16:123–134. doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2008.04.002, 2009) theoretical model of SA and the potential utility of the NSPS for both clinical research and practice.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.
Antony, M. M., & Swinson, R. P. (2008). Shyness and social anxiety workbook: Proven, step-by-step techniques for overcoming your fear (2nd ed.). Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
Arbuckle, J. L. (2008). AMOS 20 user’s guide. Chicago, IL: SPSS Inc.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory—II. San Antonio, TX: Pearson Assessment.
Carelton, R. N., Mulvoque, M. K., Thibodeau, M. A., McCabe, R. E., Antony, M. M., & Asmundson, G. J. (2012). Increasingly certain about uncertainty: Intolerance of uncertainty across anxiety and depression. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 268–479. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2012.01.011.
Chiupka, C. A., Moscovitch, D. A., & Bielak, T. (2012). In-vivo activation of anticipatory vs. post-event autobiographical images and memories in social anxiety. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31, 783–809. CrossRef
Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. Heimberg, M. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & F. R. Schneier (Eds.), Social phobia: Diagnosis, assessment and treatment (pp. 69–93). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Cuming, S., Rapee, R. M., Kemp, N., Abbott, M. J., Peters, L., & Gaston, J. E. (2009). A self-report measure of subtle avoidance and safety behaviors relevant to social anxiety: Development and psychometric properties. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23, 879–883. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.05.002. CrossRefPubMed
Dugas, M. J., & Robichaud, M. (2007). Cognitive-behavioral treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: From science to practice. New York, NY: Routledge.
First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (2002). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV-TR axis I disorders, research version, patient edition (SCID-I/P). New York, NY: Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Freeston, M., Rhéaume, J., Letarte, H., Dugas, M. J., & Ladouceur, R. (1994). Why do people worry? Personality and Individual Differences, 17, 791–802. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(94)90048-5.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
Khawaja, N. G., & Yu, L. N. H. (2010). A comparison of the 27-item and 12-item intolerance of uncertainty scales. Clinical Psychologist, 14, 97–106. doi: 10.1080/13284207.2010.502542.
MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Methods, 1, 130–149. CrossRef
Moscovitch, D. A., Chiupka, C. A., & Gavric, D. L. (2013a). Within the mind’s eye: Negative mental imagery activates different emotion regulation strategies in high versus low socially anxious individuals. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 44, 426–432. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2013.05.002. CrossRefPubMed
Moscovitch, D. A., Gavric, D. L., Merrifield, C., Bielak, T., & Moscovitch, M. (2011). Retrieval properties of negative vs. positive mental images and autobiographical memories in social anxiety: Outcomes with a new measure. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49, 505–517. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2011.05.009. CrossRefPubMed
Moscovitch, D. A., Orr, E., Rowa, K., Reimer Gehring, S., & Antony, M. M. (2009). In the absence of rose-colored glasses: Ratings of self-attributes and their differential certainty and importance across multiple dimensions in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47, 66–70. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2008.10.007. CrossRefPubMed
Moscovitch, D. A., Rowa, K., Paulitzki, J. R., Ierullo, M. D., Chiang, B., Antony, M. M., et al. (2013b). Self-portrayal concerns and their relation to safety behaviors and negative affect in social anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51, 476–486. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2013.05.002. CrossRefPubMed
Muthén, B., & Kaplan, D. (1985). A comparison of some methodologies for the factor analysis of non-normal Likert variables. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 38, 171–189. CrossRef
Nevitt, J., & Hancock, G. R. (2001). Performance of bootstrapping approaches to model test statistics and parameter standard error estimation in structural equation modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 8(3), 353–377. CrossRef
Osman, A., Barrios, F. X., Gutierrez, P. M., Williams, J. E., & Bailey, J. (2008). Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in nonclinical adolescent samples. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64, 83–102. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20433.
Rubin, D. B. (1987). Multiple imputation for nonresponse in surveys. New York: Wiley. CrossRef
Schafer, J. L. (1997). Analysis of incomplete multivariate data. London: Chapman & Hall. CrossRef
Weeks, J. W., Rodebaugh, T. L., Heimberg, R. G., Norton, P. J., & Jakatdar, T. A. (2009). “To avoid evaluation, withdraw”: Fears of evaluation and depressive cognitions lead to social anxiety and submissive withdrawal. Cognitive Research and Therapy, 33, 375–389. doi: 10.1007/s10608-008-9203-0. CrossRef
Wells, A. (2009). Metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
West, S. G., Finch, J. F., & Curran, P. J. (1995). Structural equation models with non-normal variables: Problems and remedies. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues and applications (pp. 56–75). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- What If I Appear Boring, Anxious, or Unattractive? Validation and Treatment Sensitivity of the Negative Self Portrayal Scale in Clinical Samples
David A. Moscovitch
Jeffrey R. Paulitzki
Martin M. Antony
Randi E. McCabe
- Springer US