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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2019

19-07-2019 | Original Paper

Telling an Adult at School about Bullying: Subsequent Victimization and Internalizing Problems

Auteurs: Thérèse Shaw, Marilyn A. Campbell, Judy Eastham, Kevin C. Runions, Christina Salmivalli, Donna Cross

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2019

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Abstract

Objectives

Bullied students are at increased risk of internalizing problems. Many school bullying-prevention programs encourage targets of bullying to seek help from an adult at school. However, few students report victimization to school staff, and reports do not always result in positive outcomes for the victimized student. This study aimed to understand factors associated with students telling an adult at school about experienced victimization, and victimization and internalizing problems a year after taking this action.

Methods

Students in Grade 7–9 (mean age 13 years) in 12 schools completed online surveys in 2015 (T1). Data from the victimized students (n = 316) were analyzed to determine factors associated with speaking with school staff about their experience. The Grade 7–8 students were surveyed again in 2016 (T2) and matched data on 101 students victimized at T1 used to compare the longer-term internalizing problems and victimization outcomes for students who spoke with staff.

Results

Victimization status and level of internalizing problems at T2 of students bullied at T1 were associated with telling an adult at T1, and these associations were moderated by severity of T1 victimization. For students more severely victimized at T1, speaking with a staff member was associated with increased odds of continued victimization at T2, but fewer internalizing problems when compared to those who did not tell.

Conclusions

To prevent persistent victimization, schools and teachers need to be better equipped to respond effectively when a student first becomes a target of bullying, and discourage ongoing perpetrator behavior.
Literatuur
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go back to reference Davidson, L. M., & Demaray, M. K. (2007). Social support as a moderator between victimization and internalizing-externalizing distress from bullying. School Psychology Review, 36(3), 383–405. Davidson, L. M., & Demaray, M. K. (2007). Social support as a moderator between victimization and internalizing-externalizing distress from bullying. School Psychology Review, 36(3), 383–405.
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go back to reference Petrosino, A., Guckenburg, S., DeVoe, J., & Hanson, T. (2010). What characteristics of bullying, bullying victims, and schools are associated with increased reporting of bullying to school officials?. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Educational Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast and Islands. Vol. Issues & Answers. REL 2010-No. 092. CrossRef Petrosino, A., Guckenburg, S., DeVoe, J., & Hanson, T. (2010). What characteristics of bullying, bullying victims, and schools are associated with increased reporting of bullying to school officials?. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Educational Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast and Islands. Vol. Issues & Answers. REL 2010-No. 092. CrossRef
go back to reference Schultze-Krumbholz, A., & Scheithauer, H. (2009). Measuring cyberbullying and cybervictimization by using behavioral categories—The Berlin Cyberbullying Cybervictimization Questionnaire (BCyQ). Paper presented at the post conference workshop “COST ACTION IS0801: Cyberbullying: coping with negative and enhancing positive uses of new technologies, in relationships in educational settings”, Vilnius, 22–23 August. Schultze-Krumbholz, A., & Scheithauer, H. (2009). Measuring cyberbullying and cybervictimization by using behavioral categories—The Berlin Cyberbullying Cybervictimization Questionnaire (BCyQ). Paper presented at the post conference workshop “COST ACTION IS0801: Cyberbullying: coping with negative and enhancing positive uses of new technologies, in relationships in educational settings”, Vilnius, 22–23 August.
Metagegevens
Titel
Telling an Adult at School about Bullying: Subsequent Victimization and Internalizing Problems
Auteurs
Thérèse Shaw
Marilyn A. Campbell
Judy Eastham
Kevin C. Runions
Christina Salmivalli
Donna Cross
Publicatiedatum
19-07-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2019
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01507-4

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