Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2019

22-01-2019 | Original Paper

Predictors of Suicidal Ideation and Attempts among LGBTQ Adolescents: The Roles of Help-seeking Beliefs, Peer Victimization, Depressive Symptoms, and Drug Use

Auteurs: Tyler Hatchel, Katherine M. Ingram, Sasha Mintz, Chelsey Hartley, Alberto Valido, Dorothy L. Espelage, Peter Wyman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2019

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

Suicide is a leading causes of death for adolescents, and is a developmental period with the highest rates of suicide attempts. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth are a high-risk population for suicidal ideations and behaviors when compared with their non-LGBTQ counterparts. However, a dearth of research exists on the protective factors for suicidal ideation and attempts specifically within the LGBTQ population. The current study proposes a model in which peer victimization, drug use, depressive symptoms, and help-seeking beliefs predict suicidal ideation and attempts among a statewide sample of LGBTQ adolescents.

Methods

Among 4867 high school students in 20 schools, 713 self-identified as LGBTQ and had higher rates of attempts and ideation than their non-LBGTQ peers. Two logistic regression analyses were used to predict suicidal ideation and attempts among the 713 LGBTQ students (M = age 15 years).

Results

Results indicated that intentions to use drugs, peer victimization, and elevated depressive symptoms predicted both suicidal ideation and attempts. Additionally, help-seeking beliefs predicted suicidal attempts but not ideation, while the interaction of help-seeking beliefs and depressive symptoms significantly predicted suicidal ideation.

Conclusions

These findings underscore the importance of increasing access to effective treatment services for depression and promoting safe and accepting school and community cultures for LGBTQ youth in particular.
Literatuur
go back to reference Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., Pickles, A., Winder, F., & Silver (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5(4), 237–249. Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., Pickles, A., Winder, F., & Silver (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5(4), 237–249.
go back to reference Durkheim, E. (1951). Suicide: A study in sociology. New York: Free Press. Durkheim, E. (1951). Suicide: A study in sociology. New York: Free Press.
go back to reference Fergusson, D. M., Swain-Campbell, N. R., & Horwood, L. J. (2002). Deviant peer affiliations, crime and substance use: a fixed effects regression analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(4), 419–430. CrossRefPubMed Fergusson, D. M., Swain-Campbell, N. R., & Horwood, L. J. (2002). Deviant peer affiliations, crime and substance use: a fixed effects regression analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(4), 419–430. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Goldsmith, S. K., Pellmar, T. C., Kleinman, A. M. & Bunney, W. E. (2002). Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Goldsmith, S. K., Pellmar, T. C., Kleinman, A. M. & Bunney, W. E. (2002). Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
go back to reference Joiner, T. E. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Joiner, T. E. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Bartkiewicz, M. J., Boesen, M. J., & Palmer, N. A. (2012). The 2011 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in our nation’s schools. New York: GLSEN. Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Bartkiewicz, M. J., Boesen, M. J., & Palmer, N. A. (2012). The 2011 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in our nation’s schools. New York: GLSEN.
go back to reference Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Giga, N. M., Villenas, C., & Danischewski, D. (2016). The 2015 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth in our nation’s schools. New York: GLSEN. Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Giga, N. M., Villenas, C., & Danischewski, D. (2016). The 2015 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth in our nation’s schools. New York: GLSEN.
go back to reference LoMurray, M. (2005). Sources of strength facilitators guide: Suicide prevention peer gatekeeper training. Bismarck: The North Dakota Suicide Prevention Project. LoMurray, M. (2005). Sources of strength facilitators guide: Suicide prevention peer gatekeeper training. Bismarck: The North Dakota Suicide Prevention Project.
go back to reference Maddox, S. J., & Prinz, R. J. (2003). School bonding in children and adolescents: conceptualization, assessment, and associated variables. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6(1), 31–49. CrossRefPubMed Maddox, S. J., & Prinz, R. J. (2003). School bonding in children and adolescents: conceptualization, assessment, and associated variables. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6(1), 31–49. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McDermott, E., & Roen, K. (2016). Queer youth, suicide and self-harm: troubled subjects, troubling norms. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef McDermott, E., & Roen, K. (2016). Queer youth, suicide and self-harm: troubled subjects, troubling norms. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
go back to reference Meyer, I. H. (1995). Minority stress and mental health in gay men. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 36, 38–56. CrossRefPubMed Meyer, I. H. (1995). Minority stress and mental health in gay men. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 36, 38–56. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shneidman, E. S. (1993). Suicide as psychache: A clinical approach to self-destructive behavior. Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson. Shneidman, E. S. (1993). Suicide as psychache: A clinical approach to self-destructive behavior. Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson.
go back to reference Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education. Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education.
go back to reference U.S. Surgeon General. (2001). National strategy for suicide prevention: Goals and objectives for action. Rockville: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. U.S. Surgeon General. (2001). National strategy for suicide prevention: Goals and objectives for action. Rockville: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.
go back to reference Wyman, P. A., Brown, C. H., LoMurray, M., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Petrova, M., Yu, Q., & Wang, W. (2010). An outcome evaluation of the Sources of Strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools. American Journal of Public Health, 100(9), 1653–1661. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Wyman, P. A., Brown, C. H., LoMurray, M., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Petrova, M., Yu, Q., & Wang, W. (2010). An outcome evaluation of the Sources of Strength suicide prevention program delivered by adolescent peer leaders in high schools. American Journal of Public Health, 100(9), 1653–1661. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Metagegevens
Titel
Predictors of Suicidal Ideation and Attempts among LGBTQ Adolescents: The Roles of Help-seeking Beliefs, Peer Victimization, Depressive Symptoms, and Drug Use
Auteurs
Tyler Hatchel
Katherine M. Ingram
Sasha Mintz
Chelsey Hartley
Alberto Valido
Dorothy L. Espelage
Peter Wyman
Publicatiedatum
22-01-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2019
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01339-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 9/2019

Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2019 Naar de uitgave