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08-06-2019 | Original Paper | Uitgave 9/2019

Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2019

Effects of Bullying Victimization on Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms: The Mediating Role of Alexithymia

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 9/2019
Auteurs:
Laura E. Prino, Claudio Longobardi, Matteo A. Fabris, Roberto H. Parada, Michele Settanni
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Abstract

Objectives

Bullying victimization increases the risk of displaying internalized and externalized symptoms and alexithymia traits among adolescents. The aim of this study is to examine the mediating role of Alexithymia in the relationships between bullying victimization and internalized and externalized symptoms.

Methods

A total of 1092 students and their teachers (N = 67) of 4th to 6th grade anonymously completed a series of measures about experiences of bullying victimization, internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and alexithymia.

Results

Our data suggest that three types of bullying victimization (verbal, physical and social) predicted internalized, externalized and alexithimic symptoms. Furthermore, alexithymia partially mediated the positive effect of all the three types of bullying victimization on both internalizing and externalizing symptoms.

Conclusions

This study provided empirical data about the mediating role of alexithimia in exacerbation of internalized and externalized symptoms among adolescents and pre-adolescents exposed to three types of bullying victimization.

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