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To examine whether and how self-management and psychological resilience could moderate the relationships between symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among hypertensive patients in China.
This was a cross-sectional study of 220 participants recruited from January to May, 2018. Demographic and clinical information were obtained from medical records and by patient interview. The Chinese version of 17-item Hypertension-specific Symptom Scale, 21-item Self-Management Scale, and 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10) as well as Short Form 12 Health Survey (SF-12) were used to collect information in this research. The moderation effects of self-management and psychological resilience were explored using the PROCESS macro for SPSS.
Among all patients, 128 (58.2%) were female, 106 (48.2%) had a bachelor degree or higher, and 133 (60.5%) had moderate to severe Charlson Comorbidity Index. Both self-management and psychological resilience were negatively correlated to symptoms (r = − 0.259, p < 0.001; r = − 0.282, p < 0.001) but positively correlated to physical (r = 0.316, p < 0.001; r = 0.344, p < 0.001) and mental (r = 0.273, p < 0.001; r = 0.309, p < 0.001) HRQoL. After controlling for potential covariates, self-management could moderate the associations between symptoms and physical HRQoL (p = 0.041, ΔR2 = 0.010), while psychological resilience could moderate the relationships between symptoms and mental HRQoL (p = 0.02, ΔR2 = 0.010).
For hypertension patients, HRQoL is dependent on the severity of symptoms, engagement of self-management behaviors, and psychological resilience, which should be carefully considered when to improve patients’ HRQoL by health care providers.
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