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25-04-2019 | Uitgave 9/2019

Quality of Life Research 9/2019

Health utility and health-related quality of life of Japanese prostate cancer patients according to progression status measured using EQ-5D-5L and FACT-P

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 9/2019
Hideki Murasawa, Takayuki Sugiyama, Yuki Matsuoka, Takashi Okabe, Amiko Hino, Nobumichi Tanaka, Mikio Sugimoto, Masafumi Oyama, Kiyohide Fujimoto, Shigeo Horie, Shinichi Noto, Kojiro Shimozuma
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To obtain health utility data to allow for cost-effectiveness analysis in groups stratified by disease progression along with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) information in Japanese prostate cancer (PC) patients.


In this cross-sectional observational study, EuroQol-5 Dimension- 5 Level (EQ-5D-5L), EuroQol Visual Analog Scale (EQ-VAS), and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P) measures were used to examine utility, VAS scores, and disease-specific HRQoL, respectively. Scores obtained were statistically examined for the correlation among measures and domains. Parameter estimates of statistically significant factors were assessed using generalized linear models (GLM).


A total of 380 patients stratified by their disease progression status were analyzed. The numbers (%) of patients in groups stratified as having localized (L), localized progression (LP), distant metastatic (DM), and DM-castration-resistant PC (CRPC) were 275 (72.4), 40 (10.5), 27 (7.1), and 38 (10.0), respectively. EQ-5D-5L mean (standard deviation, SD) scores of L, LP, DM, and DM-CRPC in study participants were 0.87 (0.15), 0.86 (0.15), 0.85 (0.18), and 0.84 (0.17), respectively. The mean (SD) scores assessed by EQ-5D-5L, EQ-VAS, and FACT-P instruments were 0.86 (0.16), 74.6 (16.8), and 110.8 (19.6), respectively. Utility scores correlated well with FACT-P scores. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status had significant influences on all instruments’ scores.


We obtained health utility and HRQoL scores of Japanese PC patients stratified by disease progression in detail. Our results will be useful for establishing cost-effectiveness analyses in Japanese PC settings.

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