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13-05-2019 | Uitgave 9/2019

Quality of Life Research 9/2019

Health-related quality of life in adult males with lower urinary tract symptoms

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 9/2019
Sang-Kyu Kim, Ki-Ho Kim, Seon-Ha Kim, Seok-Ju Yoo, Yeo-Won Jeong
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-019-02205-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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To assess the status and impact of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a community-based sample of Korean adult males.


We analyzed the data of 101,606 adult males aged ≥ 19 years of age obtained during the 2011 Korean Community Health Survey. Subject data were assessed for LUTS and HRQoL using international prostate symptom scores, and EuroQol-five-dimensions three-level version (EQ-5D-3L) and EuroQol-visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) scores.


Of the 101,606 subjects, 53,323 (52.5%) reported having at least one LUTS and 3116 (3.1%) had an IPSS of ≥ 20, indicating severe LUTS. In those aged 19–39 years, 28.7% (8343/29,072) reported they had mild to severe LUTS. The prevalence of LUTS was high among those aged 40–59 years (47.7%), 60–79 years (80.5%), and ≥ 80 years (91.2%). In addition, EQ-5D-3L and EQ-VAS scores decreased as LUTS severity and frequency increased.


Adult men of all ages with mild to severe LUTS have poorer health statuses and quality of life. Even among young males, LUTS severity and was found to negatively affect HRQoL.

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