Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 4/2017

23-11-2016 | Original Paper

School-Aged Children’s Attachment Dismissal Prospectively Predicts Divergence of Their Behavioral and Self-Reported Anxiety

Auteurs: Ph.D. Jessica L. Borelli, Leslie C. Ho, Lucas Sohn, Lane Epps, Mae Coyiuto, Jessica L. West

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 4/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Recent studies on attachment in middle childhood suggest that dismissing children tend to underreport their psychological distress relative to physiological indices of distress. However, this has yet to be examined in the context of behavioral indicators of distress. In this longitudinal study, a community sample of children (N = 34, M age = 9.59 years) completed the Child Attachment Interview at Time 1. Three years later, they returned and completed the Trier Social Stress Task for Children (TSST-C), providing ratings of their state anxiety before and after the stressor. Four raters coded children’s behavioral signs of anxiety (e.g., non-signaling gestures, eye movement, posture, facial expression) on a 7-point scale during the storytelling and arithmetic tasks in the TSST-C. Hierarchical linear regressions revealed that greater attachment dismissal was associated with greater behavioral anxiety in both the story and math tasks, but was not associated with greater increases in self-reported anxiety. Dismissal prospectively predicted increased divergence of behavioral and self-reported anxiety, such that higher dismissal was associated with higher divergence scores (i.e., underreporting of anxiety relative to behavioral indicators). We discuss these results in terms of their contribution to understanding attachment and emotion in an understudied developmental phase.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: Observations in the Strange Situation and at home. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: Observations in the Strange Situation and at home. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Bell, S. M. (1972). Mother-Infant Interaction and the Development of Competence. In Connolly, K., & Bruner, J. (Eds.), The growth of competence. New York: Academic Press, 1974. Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Bell, S. M. (1972). Mother-Infant Interaction and the Development of Competence. In Connolly, K., & Bruner, J. (Eds.), The growth of competence. New York: Academic Press, 1974.
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. NJ Erlbaum: Hills-dale. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. NJ Erlbaum: Hills-dale.
go back to reference Ammaniti, M., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Speranza, A. M., & Tambelli, R. (2000). Internal working models of attachment during late childhood and early adolescence: An exploration of stability and change. Attachment & Human Development, 2, 328–346. doi: 10.​1080/​1461673001000158​7. CrossRef Ammaniti, M., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Speranza, A. M., & Tambelli, R. (2000). Internal working models of attachment during late childhood and early adolescence: An exploration of stability and change. Attachment & Human Development, 2, 328–346. doi: 10.​1080/​1461673001000158​7. CrossRef
go back to reference Asendorpf, J. B., & Scherer, K. R. (1983). The discrepant repressor: Differentiation between low anxiety, high anxiety, and repression of anxiety by autonomic–facial–verbal patterns of behavior. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 45(6), 1334–1346. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​45.​6.​1334. CrossRefPubMed Asendorpf, J. B., & Scherer, K. R. (1983). The discrepant repressor: Differentiation between low anxiety, high anxiety, and repression of anxiety by autonomic–facial–verbal patterns of behavior. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 45(6), 1334–1346. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​45.​6.​1334. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beetz, A., Kotrschal, K., Turner, D. C., Hediger, K., Uvnäs-Moberg, K., & Julius, H. (2011). The effect of a real dog, toy dog and friendly person on insecurely attached children during a stressful task: An exploratory study. Anthrozoös, 24(4), 349–368. doi: 10.​2752/​175303711X131590​27359746. CrossRef Beetz, A., Kotrschal, K., Turner, D. C., Hediger, K., Uvnäs-Moberg, K., & Julius, H. (2011). The effect of a real dog, toy dog and friendly person on insecurely attached children during a stressful task: An exploratory study. Anthrozoös, 24(4), 349–368. doi: 10.​2752/​175303711X131590​27359746. CrossRef
go back to reference Bonanno, G. A., Keltner, D., Holen, A., & Horowitz, M. J. (1995). When avoiding unpleasant emotions might not be such a bad thing: Verbal-autonomic response dissociation and midlife conjugal bereavement. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 69(5), 975–989. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​69.​5.​975. CrossRefPubMed Bonanno, G. A., Keltner, D., Holen, A., & Horowitz, M. J. (1995). When avoiding unpleasant emotions might not be such a bad thing: Verbal-autonomic response dissociation and midlife conjugal bereavement. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 69(5), 975–989. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​69.​5.​975. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Borelli, J. L., David, D. H., Crowley, M. J., Snavely, J. E., & Mayes, L. C. (2013). Dismissing children’s perceptions of their emotional experience and parental care: Preliminary evidence of positive bias. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 44(1), 70–88. doi: 10.​1007/​s10578-012-0310-5. CrossRef Borelli, J. L., David, D. H., Crowley, M. J., Snavely, J. E., & Mayes, L. C. (2013). Dismissing children’s perceptions of their emotional experience and parental care: Preliminary evidence of positive bias. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 44(1), 70–88. doi: 10.​1007/​s10578-012-0310-5. CrossRef
go back to reference Borelli, J. L., Somers, J., West, J. L., Coffey, J. K., Reyes, A., & Shmueli-Goetz, Y. (2015). Associations between attachment narratives and self-report measures of attachment in middle childhood: Extending evidence for the validity of the child attachment interview. Journal Of Child And Family Studies, doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-015-0310-8. Borelli, J. L., Somers, J., West, J. L., Coffey, J. K., Reyes, A., & Shmueli-Goetz, Y. (2015). Associations between attachment narratives and self-report measures of attachment in middle childhood: Extending evidence for the validity of the child attachment interview. Journal Of Child And Family Studies, doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-015-0310-8.
go back to reference Borelli, J. L., West, J. L., Weekes, N. Y., & Crowley, M. J. (2014). Dismissing child attachment and discordance for subjective and neuroendocrine responses to vulnerability: Dismissing attachment and neuroendocrine response. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(3), 584–591. doi: 10.​1002/​dev.​21107. CrossRefPubMed Borelli, J. L., West, J. L., Weekes, N. Y., & Crowley, M. J. (2014). Dismissing child attachment and discordance for subjective and neuroendocrine responses to vulnerability: Dismissing attachment and neuroendocrine response. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(3), 584–591. doi: 10.​1002/​dev.​21107. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1969/1982). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1969/1982). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: (Vol. 2): Separation. New York: Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: (Vol. 2): Separation. New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss (Vol. 3): Loss. New York: Basic books. Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss (Vol. 3): Loss. New York: Basic books.
go back to reference Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (1994). Measuring emotion: The self-assessment manikin and the semantic differential. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 25, 49–59. CrossRefPubMed Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (1994). Measuring emotion: The self-assessment manikin and the semantic differential. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 25, 49–59. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Burkholder, A. R., Koss, K. J., Hostinar, C. E., Johnson, A. E., & Gunnar, M. R. (2015). Early life stress: Effects on the regulation of anxiety expression in children and adolescents. Social Development, doi: 10.​1111/​sode.​12170. Burkholder, A. R., Koss, K. J., Hostinar, C. E., Johnson, A. E., & Gunnar, M. R. (2015). Early life stress: Effects on the regulation of anxiety expression in children and adolescents. Social Development, doi: 10.​1111/​sode.​12170.
go back to reference Buske-Kirschbaum, A., Jobst, S., Wustmans, A., Kirschbaum, C., Rauh, W., & Hellhammer, D. (1997). Attenuated free cortisol response to psychosocial stress in children with atopic dermatitis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 59(4), 419–426. CrossRefPubMed Buske-Kirschbaum, A., Jobst, S., Wustmans, A., Kirschbaum, C., Rauh, W., & Hellhammer, D. (1997). Attenuated free cortisol response to psychosocial stress in children with atopic dermatitis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 59(4), 419–426. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cassidy, J., & Kobak, R. R. (1988). Avoidance and its relation to other defensive processes. Clinical Implications of Attachment, 1, 300–323. Cassidy, J., & Kobak, R. R. (1988). Avoidance and its relation to other defensive processes. Clinical Implications of Attachment, 1, 300–323.
go back to reference Clark, S. E., & Symons, D. K. (2009). Representations of attachment relationships, the self, and significant others in middle childhood. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry / Journal De L’académie Canadienne De Psychiatrie De L’enfant Et De L’adolescent, 18(4), 316–321. PubMed Clark, S. E., & Symons, D. K. (2009). Representations of attachment relationships, the self, and significant others in middle childhood. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry / Journal De L’académie Canadienne De Psychiatrie De L’enfant Et De L’adolescent, 18(4), 316–321. PubMed
go back to reference Coleman, P. K. (2003). Perceptions of parent-child attachment, social self-efficacy, and peer relationships in middle childhood. Infant And Child Development, 12(4), 351–368. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​316. CrossRef Coleman, P. K. (2003). Perceptions of parent-child attachment, social self-efficacy, and peer relationships in middle childhood. Infant And Child Development, 12(4), 351–368. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​316. CrossRef
go back to reference Contreras, J. M., Kerns, K. A., Weimer, B. L., Gentzler, A. L., & Tomich, P. L. (2000). Emotion regulation as a mediator of associations between mother–child attachment and peer relationships in middle childhood. Journal of Family Psychology, 14(1), 111–124. doi: 10.​1037/​0893-3200.​14.​1.​111. CrossRefPubMed Contreras, J. M., Kerns, K. A., Weimer, B. L., Gentzler, A. L., & Tomich, P. L. (2000). Emotion regulation as a mediator of associations between mother–child attachment and peer relationships in middle childhood. Journal of Family Psychology, 14(1), 111–124. doi: 10.​1037/​0893-3200.​14.​1.​111. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Diener, M. L., Isabella, R. A., Behunin, M. G., & Wong, M. S. (2008). Attachment to mothers and fathers during middle childhood: Associations with child gender, grade, and competence. Social Development, 17(1), 84–101. Diener, M. L., Isabella, R. A., Behunin, M. G., & Wong, M. S. (2008). Attachment to mothers and fathers during middle childhood: Associations with child gender, grade, and competence. Social Development, 17(1), 84–101.
go back to reference Ehrlich, K. B., Cassidy, J., Lejuez, C., & Daughters, S. B. (2014). Discrepancies about adolescent relationships as a function of informant attachment and depressive symptoms. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 24, 654–666. doi: 10.​1111/​jora.​12057. CrossRef Ehrlich, K. B., Cassidy, J., Lejuez, C., & Daughters, S. B. (2014). Discrepancies about adolescent relationships as a function of informant attachment and depressive symptoms. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 24, 654–666. doi: 10.​1111/​jora.​12057. CrossRef
go back to reference Elicker, J., Englund, M., & Sroufe, L. A. (1992). Predicting peer competence and peer relationships in childhood from early parent–child relationships. In R. D. Parke, G. W. Ladd, R. D. Parke, G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Family–peer relationships: Modes of linkage (pp. 77–106). Hillsdale, NJ, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Elicker, J., Englund, M., & Sroufe, L. A. (1992). Predicting peer competence and peer relationships in childhood from early parent–child relationships. In R. D. Parke, G. W. Ladd, R. D. Parke, G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Family–peer relationships: Modes of linkage (pp. 77–106). Hillsdale, NJ, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
go back to reference Feeney, J. A. (2008). Adult romantic attachment: Developments in the study of couple relationships. In J. Cassidy, P. R. Shaver, J. Cassidy, P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. 2nd edn. (pp. 456–481). New York, NY: Guilford Press. Feeney, J. A. (2008). Adult romantic attachment: Developments in the study of couple relationships. In J. Cassidy, P. R. Shaver, J. Cassidy, P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. 2nd edn. (pp. 456–481). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Fransson, M., Granqvist, P., Marciszko, C., Hagekull, B., & Bohlin, G. (2016). Is middle childhood attachment related to social functioning in young adulthood? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 57(2), 108–116. doi: 10.​1111/​sjop.​12276. CrossRefPubMed Fransson, M., Granqvist, P., Marciszko, C., Hagekull, B., & Bohlin, G. (2016). Is middle childhood attachment related to social functioning in young adulthood? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 57(2), 108–116. doi: 10.​1111/​sjop.​12276. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Garner, P. W., & Hinton, T. S. (2010). Emotional display rules and emotion self-regulation: Associations with bullying and victimization in community-based after school programs. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 20, 480–496. doi: 10.​1002/​casp.​1057. CrossRef Garner, P. W., & Hinton, T. S. (2010). Emotional display rules and emotion self-regulation: Associations with bullying and victimization in community-based after school programs. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 20, 480–496. doi: 10.​1002/​casp.​1057. CrossRef
go back to reference George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1985). The Berkeley adult attachment interview. Unpublished protocol, Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley. George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1985). The Berkeley adult attachment interview. Unpublished protocol, Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley.
go back to reference Gunnar, M. (1991). The psychobiology of stress in early development: Reactivity and regulation. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development, Minneapolis, MN. Gunnar, M. (1991). The psychobiology of stress in early development: Reactivity and regulation. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development, Minneapolis, MN.
go back to reference Hesse, E., & Main, M. (2000). Disorganized infant, child, and adult attachment: Collapse in behavioral and attentional strategies. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 48(4), 1097–1127. doi: 10.​1177/​0003065100048004​1101. Hesse, E., & Main, M. (2000). Disorganized infant, child, and adult attachment: Collapse in behavioral and attentional strategies. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 48(4), 1097–1127. doi: 10.​1177/​0003065100048004​1101.
go back to reference Karayanidis, F., Kelly, M., Chapman, P., Mayes, A., & Johnston, P. (2009). Facial identity and facial expression matching in 5-12-year-old children and adults. Infant and Child Development, 18(5), 404–421. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​615. CrossRef Karayanidis, F., Kelly, M., Chapman, P., Mayes, A., & Johnston, P. (2009). Facial identity and facial expression matching in 5-12-year-old children and adults. Infant and Child Development, 18(5), 404–421. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​615. CrossRef
go back to reference Kerns, K. A. (2008). Attachment in middle childhood. In Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P. R. (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications, 2nd ed (pp. 366–382). New York, NY, US: Guilford Press. Kerns, K. A. (2008). Attachment in middle childhood. In Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P. R. (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications, 2nd ed (pp. 366–382). New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Kerns, K. A., & Richardson, R. A. (2005). Attachment in middle childhood. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Kerns, K. A., & Richardson, R. A. (2005). Attachment in middle childhood. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Klimes-Dougan, B., Hastings, P. D., Granger, D. A., Usher, B. A., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2001). Adrenocortical activity in at-risk and normally developing adolescents: Individual differences in salivary cortisol basal levels, diurnal variation, and responses to social challenges. Development and Psychopathology, 13(03), 695–719. CrossRefPubMed Klimes-Dougan, B., Hastings, P. D., Granger, D. A., Usher, B. A., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2001). Adrenocortical activity in at-risk and normally developing adolescents: Individual differences in salivary cortisol basal levels, diurnal variation, and responses to social challenges. Development and Psychopathology, 13(03), 695–719. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Krämer, M., Seefeldt, W. L., Heinrichs, N., Tuschen-Caffier, B., Schmitz, J., Wolf, O. T., & Blechert, J. (2012). Subjective, autonomic, and endocrine reactivity during social stress in children with social phobia. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(1), 95–104. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-011-9548-9. CrossRefPubMed Krämer, M., Seefeldt, W. L., Heinrichs, N., Tuschen-Caffier, B., Schmitz, J., Wolf, O. T., & Blechert, J. (2012). Subjective, autonomic, and endocrine reactivity during social stress in children with social phobia. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(1), 95–104. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-011-9548-9. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Main, M. (1990). Cross-cultural studies of attachment organization: Recent studies, changing methodologies, and the concept of conditional strategies. Human Development, 33(1), 48–61. doi: 10.​1159/​000276502. CrossRef Main, M. (1990). Cross-cultural studies of attachment organization: Recent studies, changing methodologies, and the concept of conditional strategies. Human Development, 33(1), 48–61. doi: 10.​1159/​000276502. CrossRef
go back to reference Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(1–2), 66–104. doi: 10.​2307/​3333827. CrossRef Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(1–2), 66–104. doi: 10.​2307/​3333827. CrossRef
go back to reference Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1986). Discovery of an insecure-disorganized/disoriented attachment pattern. In T. B. Brazelton, M. W. Yogman, T. B. Brazelton, M. W. Yogman (Eds.), Affective development in infancy (pp. 95–124). Westport, CT: Ablex Publishing. Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1986). Discovery of an insecure-disorganized/disoriented attachment pattern. In T. B. Brazelton, M. W. Yogman, T. B. Brazelton, M. W. Yogman (Eds.), Affective development in infancy (pp. 95–124). Westport, CT: Ablex Publishing.
go back to reference McDowell, D. J., Kim, M., O’Neil, R., & Parke, R. D. (2002). Children’s emotional regulation and social competence in middle childhood: The role of maternal and paternal interactive style. Marriage & Family Review, 34(3–4), 345–364. doi: 10.​1300/​J002v34n03_​07. CrossRef McDowell, D. J., Kim, M., O’Neil, R., & Parke, R. D. (2002). Children’s emotional regulation and social competence in middle childhood: The role of maternal and paternal interactive style. Marriage & Family Review, 34(3–4), 345–364. doi: 10.​1300/​J002v34n03_​07. CrossRef
go back to reference Mikulincer, M., Birnbaum, G., Woddis, D., & Nachmias, O. (2000). Stress and accessibility of proximity-related thoughts: Exploring the normative and intraindividual components of attachment theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(3), 509–523. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​78.​3.​509. CrossRefPubMed Mikulincer, M., Birnbaum, G., Woddis, D., & Nachmias, O. (2000). Stress and accessibility of proximity-related thoughts: Exploring the normative and intraindividual components of attachment theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(3), 509–523. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​78.​3.​509. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Papay, J. P., & Hedl, J. J. (1978). Psychometric characteristics and norms for disadvantaged third and fourth grade children on the state-trait anxiety inventory for children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 6(1), 115–120. doi: 10.​1007/​BF00915787. CrossRefPubMed Papay, J. P., & Hedl, J. J. (1978). Psychometric characteristics and norms for disadvantaged third and fourth grade children on the state-trait anxiety inventory for children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 6(1), 115–120. doi: 10.​1007/​BF00915787. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Parkinson, B. (2011). Interpersonal emotion transfer: Contagion and social appraisal. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(7), 428–439. CrossRef Parkinson, B. (2011). Interpersonal emotion transfer: Contagion and social appraisal. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(7), 428–439. CrossRef
go back to reference Parrigon, K. S., Kerns, K. A., Abtahi, M. M., & Koehn, A. (2015). Attachment and emotion in middle childhood and adolescence. Psihologijske Teme, 24(1), 27–50. Parrigon, K. S., Kerns, K. A., Abtahi, M. M., & Koehn, A. (2015). Attachment and emotion in middle childhood and adolescence. Psihologijske Teme, 24(1), 27–50.
go back to reference Raffaelli, M., Crockett, L. J., & Shen, Y. L. (2005). Developmental stability and change in self-regulation from childhood to adolescence. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 166(1), 54–76. CrossRefPubMed Raffaelli, M., Crockett, L. J., & Shen, Y. L. (2005). Developmental stability and change in self-regulation from childhood to adolescence. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 166(1), 54–76. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Roisman, G. I., Tsai, J. L., & Chiang, K. S. (2004). The emotional integration of childhood experience: Physiological, facial expressive, and self-reported emotional response during the adult attachment interview. Developmental Psychology, 40(5), 776–789. doi: 10.​1037/​0012-1649.​40.​5.​776. CrossRefPubMed Roisman, G. I., Tsai, J. L., & Chiang, K. S. (2004). The emotional integration of childhood experience: Physiological, facial expressive, and self-reported emotional response during the adult attachment interview. Developmental Psychology, 40(5), 776–789. doi: 10.​1037/​0012-1649.​40.​5.​776. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Seibert, A., & Kerns, K. (2015). Early mother–child attachment: Longitudinal prediction to the quality of peer relationships in middle childhood. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 39(2), 130–138. doi: 10.​1177/​0165025414542710​. CrossRef Seibert, A., & Kerns, K. (2015). Early mother–child attachment: Longitudinal prediction to the quality of peer relationships in middle childhood. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 39(2), 130–138. doi: 10.​1177/​0165025414542710​. CrossRef
go back to reference Seligman, L. D., Ollendick, T. H., Langley, A. K., & Baldacci, H. B. (2004). The utility of measures of child and adolescent anxiety: A meta-analytic review of the revised children’s anxiety scale, the state-trait anxiety inventory for children, and the child behavior checklist. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33(3), 557–565. doi: 10.​1207/​s15374424jccp330​3_​13. CrossRefPubMed Seligman, L. D., Ollendick, T. H., Langley, A. K., & Baldacci, H. B. (2004). The utility of measures of child and adolescent anxiety: A meta-analytic review of the revised children’s anxiety scale, the state-trait anxiety inventory for children, and the child behavior checklist. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33(3), 557–565. doi: 10.​1207/​s15374424jccp330​3_​13. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shmueli-Goetz, Y., Target, M., Datta, A., & Fonagy, P. (2004). Child Attachment Interview (CAI) coding and classification manual, version V. Unpublished Manuscript, The Sub-Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London. Shmueli-Goetz, Y., Target, M., Datta, A., & Fonagy, P. (2004). Child Attachment Interview (CAI) coding and classification manual, version V. Unpublished Manuscript, The Sub-Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London.
go back to reference Shmueli-Goetz, Y., Target, M., Fonagy, P., & Datta, A. (2008). The child attachment interview: A psychometric study of reliability and discriminant validity. Developmental Psychology, 44(4), 939. CrossRefPubMed Shmueli-Goetz, Y., Target, M., Fonagy, P., & Datta, A. (2008). The child attachment interview: A psychometric study of reliability and discriminant validity. Developmental Psychology, 44(4), 939. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Spangler, G. (1998). Emotional and adrenocortical responses of infants to the strange situation: The differential function of emotional expression. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 22(4), 681–706. doi: 10.​1080/​016502598384126. CrossRef Spangler, G. (1998). Emotional and adrenocortical responses of infants to the strange situation: The differential function of emotional expression. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 22(4), 681–706. doi: 10.​1080/​016502598384126. CrossRef
go back to reference Spangler, G., & Zimmermann, P. (1999). Attachment representation and emotion regulation in adolescents: A psychobiological perspective on internal working models. Attachment & Human Development, 1(3), 270–290. doi: 10.​1080/​1461673990013415​1. CrossRef Spangler, G., & Zimmermann, P. (1999). Attachment representation and emotion regulation in adolescents: A psychobiological perspective on internal working models. Attachment & Human Development, 1(3), 270–290. doi: 10.​1080/​1461673990013415​1. CrossRef
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D. (1973). State-Trait anxiety inventory for children. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press. Spielberger, C. D. (1973). State-Trait anxiety inventory for children. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press.
go back to reference Target, M., Fonagy, P., & Shmueli-Goetz, Y. (2003). Attachment representations in school-age children: The development of the child attachment interview (CAI). Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 29(2), 171–186. CrossRef Target, M., Fonagy, P., & Shmueli-Goetz, Y. (2003). Attachment representations in school-age children: The development of the child attachment interview (CAI). Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 29(2), 171–186. CrossRef
go back to reference Tonks, J., Williams, W. H., Frampton, I., Yates, P., & Slater, A. (2007). The neurological bases of emotional dys-regulation arising from brain injury in childhood: A ‘when and where’ heuristic. Brain Impairment, 8(2), 143–153. doi: 10.​1375/​brim.​8.​2.​143. CrossRef Tonks, J., Williams, W. H., Frampton, I., Yates, P., & Slater, A. (2007). The neurological bases of emotional dys-regulation arising from brain injury in childhood: A ‘when and where’ heuristic. Brain Impairment, 8(2), 143–153. doi: 10.​1375/​brim.​8.​2.​143. CrossRef
go back to reference White, L. O., Wu, J., Borelli, J. L., Mayes, L. C., & Crowley, M. J. (2013). Play it again: Neural responses to reunion with excluders predicted by attachment patterns. Developmental Science, 16(6), 850–863. doi: 10.​1111/​desc.​12035. PubMed White, L. O., Wu, J., Borelli, J. L., Mayes, L. C., & Crowley, M. J. (2013). Play it again: Neural responses to reunion with excluders predicted by attachment patterns. Developmental Science, 16(6), 850–863. doi: 10.​1111/​desc.​12035. PubMed
go back to reference White, L. O., Wu, J., Borelli, J. L., Rutherford, H. J. V., David, D. H., Kim–Cohen, J., & Crowley, M. J. (2012). Attachment dismissal predicts frontal slow-wave ERPs during rejection by unfamiliar peers. Emotion, 12(4), 690–700. doi: 10.​1037/​a0026750. CrossRefPubMed White, L. O., Wu, J., Borelli, J. L., Rutherford, H. J. V., David, D. H., Kim–Cohen, J., & Crowley, M. J. (2012). Attachment dismissal predicts frontal slow-wave ERPs during rejection by unfamiliar peers. Emotion, 12(4), 690–700. doi: 10.​1037/​a0026750. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
School-Aged Children’s Attachment Dismissal Prospectively Predicts Divergence of Their Behavioral and Self-Reported Anxiety
Auteurs
Ph.D. Jessica L. Borelli
Leslie C. Ho
Lucas Sohn
Lane Epps
Mae Coyiuto
Jessica L. West
Publicatiedatum
23-11-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 4/2017
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0619-y

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2017

Journal of Child and Family Studies 4/2017 Naar de uitgave