Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Whereas research on cognitive bias modification of attention has produced promising results, it remains unclear how and for whom such techniques may be most effectively implemented. This study examined how trait rumination moderated the effects of two attention training tasks on biased attention, assessed via eye tracking, and subsequent stress reactivity. Using a modified dot-probe task, participants were trained to develop a negative attention bias, a positive attention bias, or no attention bias. Though neither the train-negative nor the train-positive conditions produced significant main effects on attention biases or emotional reactivity, rumination was found to moderate training efficacy, such that train-positive participants reporting high levels of rumination demonstrated greater early-stage positive attention biases at post-training, as compared to controls. Further, train-negative and train-positive participants who reported low levels of rumination demonstrated greater positive affect following an acute stressor as compared to controls. Theoretical and clinical implications of results are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Amir, N., Weber, G., Beard, C., Bomyea, J., & Taylor, C. T. (2008). The effect of a single-session attention modification program on response to a public-speaking challenge in socially anxious individuals. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,117, 860–868. doi: 10.1037/a0013445. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford Press.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the beck depression inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral science (3rd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Eckenrode, J., Ganzel, B., Henderson, C. R, Jr, Smith, E., Olds, D. L., Powers, J., et al. (2000). Preventing child abuse and neglect with a program of nurse home visitation: The limiting effects of domestic violence. Journal of the American Medical Association,284, 1385–1391. doi: 10.1001/jama.284.11.1385. PubMedCrossRef
Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 3–26). New York: The Guilford Press.
Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2005). International affective picture system (IAPS): Instruction manual and affective ratings. Technical Report A-6. University of Florida, Gainsville, FL.
MacLeod, C., Rutherford, E., Campbell, L., Ebsworthy, G., & Holker, L. (2002). Selective attention and emotional vulnerability: Assessing the causal basis of their association through the experimental manipulation of attentional biases. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,111, 107–123. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.111.1.107. PubMedCrossRef
NIMH Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention. (1999). The international affective picture system (IAPS). Gainsville, FL: The Center for Research in Psychophysiology, University of Florida.
Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2004). Simple intercepts, simple slopes, and regions of significance in MLR 2-way interactions. Retrieved from http://www.quantpsy.org/interact/lca2_instructions.pdf.
Sanchez, A., Vazquez, C., Marker, C., LeMoult, J., & Joormann, J. (2012). Attentional disengagement predicts stress recovery in depression: An eye-tracking study. Manuscript submitted for publication.
- Rumination Moderates the Effects of Cognitive Bias Modification of Attention
Kimberly A. Arditte
- Springer US