Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study evaluated the efficacy of a four-session Cognitive Bias Modification-Interpretation program for 45 depressed adolescents and young adults (14–21 years old; 12 males, 33 females; Beck Depressive Inventory, Second Edition ≥14) randomized to an active intervention condition (repeated exposure to positive outcomes of depression-relevant ambiguous scenarios; n = 23) or a control condition (n = 22). Both conditions experienced reductions on a Test of Interpretation Bias at post-treatment, with no significant between-group differences. When limited to those with negative bias at baseline, the intervention group showed greater improvement in interpretation bias at mid- and post-treatment. In addition, the intervention group overall had greater improvements in self-reported negative cognitions than the control group at post-intervention and two-week follow-up. However, there were no differences between groups in depression or anxiety symptom change. Potential factors contributing to mixed findings are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. Oxford: University Press.
Beck, A. T., & Clark, D. A. (1991). Anxiety and depression: An information processing perspective. In R. Schwarzer & R. A. Wicklund (Eds.), Anxiety and self-focused attention (pp. 41–54). Amsterdam: Harwood.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for beck depression inventory-II. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
Blackwell, S. E., & Holmes, E. A. (2010). Modifying interpretation and imagination in clinical depression: A single case series using cognitive bias modification. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24, 338–350. CrossRef
Blatt, S. J., Quinlan, D. M., Pilkonis, P. A., & Shea, M. T. (1995). Impact of perfectionism and need for approval on the brief treatment of depression: The National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program revisited. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63(1), 125–132. PubMedCrossRef
Butler, G., & Mathews, A. (1983). Cognitive processes in anxiety. Advanced Behaviour Research and Therapy, 5, 51–62. CrossRef
Cane, D. B., & Gotlib, I. H. (1985). Depression and the effects of positive and negative feedback on expectations, evaluations, and performance. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 9, 145–160. CrossRef
Clarke, G., DeBar, L., Ludman, E., Asarnow, J., & Jaycox, L. (2002). STEADY project intervention manual: Collaborative care, cognitive- behavioral program for depressed youth in a primary care setting. Retrieved from http://www.kpchr.org/research/public/acwd/acwd.html.
Costello, E. J., Erklani, A., & Angold, A. (2006). Is there an epidemic of child or adolescent depression? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 1263–1271.
First, M., Spitzer, R., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. (1995). Structured Clinical Interview for DSM- IV Axis I Disorders, Patient Edition (SCID- I/P, Version 2.0). New York: Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Fray, P. J., Robbins, T. W., & Sahakian, B. J. (1996). Neuropsychiatric applications of CANTAB. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11, 329–336. CrossRef
Ingram, R. E. (1984). Toward an information-processing analysis of depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 8, 443–477. CrossRef
Jacobs, R. H., Silva, S. G., Reinecke, M. A., Curry, J. F., Ginsburg, G. S., & Kratochvil, C. J. (2009). Dysfunctional attitudes scale perfectionism: A predictor and partial mediator of acute treatment outcome among clinically depressed adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 803–813. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Lester, K. J., Field, A. P., & Muris, P. (2011b). Experimental modification of interpretation bias about animal fear in young children: Effects on cognition, avoidance behavior, anxiety vulnerability, and physiological responding. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 40(6), 864–877. PubMedCrossRef
Lewinsohn, P. M., Clarke, G. H., Hops, H., & Andrews, J. A. (1990). Cognitive-behavioral treatment for depressed adolescents. Behavior Therapy, 21, 385–401. CrossRef
Muris, P., Huijding, J., Mayer, B., Remmerswaal, D., & Vreden, S. (2009). Ground control to Major Tom: Experimental manipulation of anxiety-related interpretation bias by means of the “space odyssey” paradigm and effects on avoidance tendencies in children. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(3), 333–340. PubMedCrossRef
Norman, W. H., Miller, I. W., & Klee, S. H. (1983). Assessment of cognitive distortion in a clinically depressed population. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 7, 133–140. CrossRef
Orvaschel, H. (1994). Schedule for affective disorder and schizophrenia for school- age children epidemiologic Version. 5th Edition ed. Ft. Lauderdale: Nova Southeastern University, Center for Psychological Studies.
Reid, S. C., Salmon, K., & Lovibond, P. F. (2006). Cognitive biases in childhood anxiety, depression, and aggression: Are they pervasive or specific? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 531. CrossRef
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
StataCorp. (2007). Stata statistical software: release 10. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP.
Weems, C., Berman, S. L., Silverman, W. K., & Saavedra, L. M. (2001). Cognitive errors in youth with anxiety disorders: The linkages between negative cognitive errors and anxious symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 559–575. CrossRef
Weissman, A. N., & Beck, A. T. (1978). Development and validation of the dysfunctional attitude scale: a preliminary investigation. Toronto, CA: Annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association.
- Efficacy of Interpretation Bias Modification in Depressed Adolescents and Young Adults
Jamie A. Micco
Dina R. Hirshfeld-Becker
- Springer US