Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 8/2021

09-04-2021

Psychometric evaluation of a patient-reported item bank for healthcare engagement

Auteurs: Benjamin D. Schalet, Steven P. Reise, Donna M. Zulman, Eleanor T. Lewis, Rachel Kimerling

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 8/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Purpose

Healthcare engagement is a core measurement target for efforts to improve healthcare systems. This construct is broadly defined as the extent to which healthcare services represent collaborative partnerships with patients. Previous qualitative work operationalized healthcare engagement as generalized self-efficacy in four related subdomains: self-management, collaborative communication, health information use, and healthcare navigation. Building on this work, our objective was to establish a healthcare engagement instrument that is sufficiently unidimensional to yield a single score.

Method

We conducted cognitive interviews followed by a nation-wide mail survey of US Veteran Administration (VA) healthcare users. Data were collected on 49 candidate healthcare engagement items, as well as measures of self-efficacy for managing symptoms, provider communication, and perceived access. Items were subjected to exploratory bifactor, statistical learning, and IRT analyses.

Results

Cognitive interviews were completed by 56 patients and 9552 VA healthcare users with chronic conditions completed the mail survey. Participants were mostly white and male but with sizable minority participation. Psychometric analyses and content considerations reduced the item pool to 23 items, which demonstrated a strong general factor (OmegaH of .89). IRT analyses revealed a high level of reliability across the trait range and little DIF across groups. Most health information use items were removed during analyses, suggesting a more independent role for this domain.

Conclusion

We provide quantitative evidence for a relatively unidimensional measure of healthcare engagement. Despite developed with VA healthcare users, the measure is intended for general use. Future work includes short-form development and validation with other patient groups.
Literatuur
7.
go back to reference Wasson, J. H., & Coleman, E. A. (2014). Health confidence: An essential measure for patient engagement and better practice. Family Practice Management, 21(5), 8–12. PubMed Wasson, J. H., & Coleman, E. A. (2014). Health confidence: An essential measure for patient engagement and better practice. Family Practice Management, 21(5), 8–12. PubMed
18.
go back to reference Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beleifs of adolescents. (pp. 307–337). Information Age Publishing. Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beleifs of adolescents. (pp. 307–337). Information Age Publishing.
23.
go back to reference Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1995). Constructing validity: Basic issues in objective scale development. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 309–319. CrossRef Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1995). Constructing validity: Basic issues in objective scale development. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 309–319. CrossRef
30.
go back to reference Dyer, N., Sorra, J. S., Smith, S. A., Cleary, P. D., & Hays, R. D. (2012). Psychometric properties of the consumer assessment of healthcare providers and systems (CAHPSs) clinician and group adult visit survey. Medical Care, 50(11), 7. Dyer, N., Sorra, J. S., Smith, S. A., Cleary, P. D., & Hays, R. D. (2012). Psychometric properties of the consumer assessment of healthcare providers and systems (CAHPSs) clinician and group adult visit survey. Medical Care, 50(11), 7.
33.
go back to reference Streiner, D. L., Norman, G. R., & Cairney, J. (2015). Health measurement scales: A practical guide to their development and use. . Oxford University Press. CrossRef Streiner, D. L., Norman, G. R., & Cairney, J. (2015). Health measurement scales: A practical guide to their development and use. . Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Psychometric evaluation of a patient-reported item bank for healthcare engagement
Auteurs
Benjamin D. Schalet
Steven P. Reise
Donna M. Zulman
Eleanor T. Lewis
Rachel Kimerling
Publicatiedatum
09-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-021-02824-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 8/2021

Quality of Life Research 8/2021 Naar de uitgave