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01-04-2011

Presenteeism in college students: reliability and validity of the Presenteeism Scale for Students

Auteurs: Masateru Matsushita, Hiroyoshi Adachi, Mikako Arakida, Ikuro Namura, Yuko Takahashi, Masakazu Miyata, Takayuki Kumano-go, Schuhei Yamamura, Yoshihisa Shigedo, Nakamori Suganuma, Akira Mikami, Toshiki Moriyama, Yoshiro Sugita

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 3/2011

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Abstract

Objective

Presenteeism is the impaired work performance due to health problems. We aimed to develop a Presenteeism Scale for Students (PSS), and to reveal the existence of presenteeism among students.

Methods

Students (n = 5,701) in 4 national universities in Japan were recruited via the school-based health examination. Moreover, 122 students participated in a 2-week interval test–retest to examine the reliability and criterion-related validity of the PSS.

Results

Of the students, 59.2% indicated some health problems. Allergy was most prevalent health problems, affecting 35.7% of the whole students. Students with emotional problems had higher degree of presenteeism than those with the other problems. The Cronbach’s α of the work impairment score of the PSS was 0.90. The Spearman’s coefficient for the test–retest score was 0.80 (P < 0.001). Regarding criterion-related validity, Spearman’s coefficient between the work impairment score of the PSS and summary score of the SF-36 was −0.60 (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

These findings suggest that the PSS can be expected to be useful for assessment of students with presenteeism. Furthermore, we found that the majority of students have some health problems, and proposed that the issue of presenteeism on campus should be addressed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Presenteeism in college students: reliability and validity of the Presenteeism Scale for Students
Auteurs
Masateru Matsushita
Hiroyoshi Adachi
Mikako Arakida
Ikuro Namura
Yuko Takahashi
Masakazu Miyata
Takayuki Kumano-go
Schuhei Yamamura
Yoshihisa Shigedo
Nakamori Suganuma
Akira Mikami
Toshiki Moriyama
Yoshiro Sugita
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer Netherlands
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 3/2011
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9763-9

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