30112017  Original Article  Uitgave 6/2019 Open Access
Politicians lie, so do I
 Tijdschrift:
 Psychological Research > Uitgave 6/2019
Introduction
Theoretical background
Prime and priming effect
Prime and lying nexus: the case of politicianpriming
Research design and hypothesis
Experiment 1
Sample
Baseline (no prime effect)

Nonpoliticianprime (clergymenprime effect)

Politicianprime (politicianprime effect)



N

41

34

35

Age


Means

20.43

18.85

20.14

Std. dev

0.10

1.44

0.65

Gender ratio


Females (%)

68.29

50.00

54.25

Males (%)

31.71

50.00

45.75

Design and procedure
baseline, in which participants received no prime effect;politicianprime, in which participants received politicianprime effect; and finallyNonpoliticianprime, in which participants received clergyprime effect.
Probability of lying
Manipulation of prime conditions
“Please use the provided sheet of paper to describe the characteristics of politicians. You are free to express your opinions and comment politicians’ characteristics in your own way. This sheet of paper belongs to you and will not be collected by the administrator, so the anonymity of your views is guaranteed. You are encouraged to write as many characteristics as you can on this sheet of paper. You have five minutes for this task”.
Findings of Experiment 1
Reported outcomes of the three conditions
Evaluation of prime effect
Evaluation of personal characters
Experiment 2—part A (2A)
Sample
Sarkozyprime

Hollandeprime



N

36

36

Age


Means

21.73

20.36

Std. dev

1.23

1.02

Gender ratio


Females (%)

54.25

38.84

Males (%)

45.75

61.16

Design and procedure
Manipulation of prime conditions
“Please use the provided sheet of paper to describe the characteristics of President Sarkozy. You are free to express your opinions and comment Sarkozy’ characteristics in your own way. Your opinions and comment should be about Sarkozy. This sheet of paper belongs to you and will not be collected by the administrator, so the anonymity of your views is guaranteed. You are encouraged to write as many characteristics as you can on this sheet of paper. You have five minutes for this task”.
Findings of experiment 2—part A (2A)
Reported outcomes of two conditions
Experiment 2—part B (2B)
Sample
Sarkozyprime

Republicansprime (right wing party)



N

36

36

Age


Means

21.53

20.50

Std. dev

1.05

0.23

Gender ratio


Females (%)

58.83

36.11

Males (%)

41.17

63.89

Design and procedure
Manipulation of prime conditions
“Please use the provided sheet of paper to describe the characteristics of The Republicans Party. You are free to express your opinions and comment in your own way. Your opinions and comment should be about The Republicans Party. This sheet of paper belongs to you and will not be collected by the administrator, so the anonymity of your views is guaranteed. You are encouraged to write as many characteristics as you can on this sheet of paper. You have five minutes for this task”.