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16-08-2022 | Original Article

Perceptual grouping in complex rhythmic patterns

Auteurs: Lars Dietmar Hestermann, Johan Wagemans, Ralf T. Krampe

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2023

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Abstract

Perception of simple temporal patterns has been shown to rely on accentuations in terms of intensity, pitch, or timbre, but also on grouping according to runs of the same events (intervals between successive sounds or light flashes) or significant gaps between them (Garner in The processing of information and structure. Lawrence Erlbaum, 1974; Preusser et al. in Am J Psychol 83(2):151–170 in 1970; Royer and Garner in Percept Psychophys 1(1):41–47, 1966; Royer and Garner in Percept Psychophys 7(2):115–120, 1970; Yu et al. in Atten Percept Psychophys 77(8):2728–2739, 2015). Here we investigate whether the run and gap principles can also account for participants' perceived start of complex rhythmic patterns. We also investigated the role of participants' musical training. Sixteen novices and 16 amateur musicians listened to rhythmic patterns and indicated perceived starting points by a single tap with a drumstick on electronic pads. Auditory patterns contained prominent gaps, runs, or a combination of the two for target intervals. We systematically varied task complexity in terms of the target durations of intervals constituting the patterns and overall tempos. Overall, run and gap principles proved to be useful grouping principles accounting for a large proportion (59.2%) of the selected starting positions underlining the universal relevance of these principles. Grouping principles were not as successful in predicting the perceived start of a rhythmic pattern compared to previous studies. Results indicate that additional grouping principles must be at play. Predictive power of the grouping principles varied depending on the structure of rhythmic patterns. For rhythmic patterns including longer intervals (i.e., longer gaps) the gap principle alone or in combination with the run principle showed the strongest predictive power. Novices and amateur musicians were similar in their usage of grouping principles suggesting that the underlying principles might be equally at the dispositions of performers and listeners.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Perceptual grouping in complex rhythmic patterns
Auteurs
Lars Dietmar Hestermann
Johan Wagemans
Ralf T. Krampe
Publicatiedatum
16-08-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2023
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-022-01717-4

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