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31-07-2022 | Original Article

On the importance of contextual cues for spontaneous recall in 35- and 46-month-old children

Auteurs: Trine Sonne, Osman S. Kingo, Dorthe Berntsen, Peter Krøjgaard

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2023

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Abstract

Recent evidence shows that returning to the same distinct lab setting after 1 week triggers spontaneous memories in 35- and 46-month-old children. However, it remains unclarified which specific cues are triggering spontaneous recall. We report two experiments in which distinct contextual cues were altered between encoding and test. In Experiment 1 (N = 76), the color of the box containing the event props was changed. Despite this change, the children still showed spontaneous recall. In Experiment 2 (N = 77), a more radical change was employed as the children returned to a completely differently furnished, and novel room. The children still engaged in spontaneous recall, although less frequently. Importantly, when comparing the number of children having spontaneous recollections, only about half as many children in Experiment 2 as in Experiment 1 exhibited spontaneous memories. These results underscore the importance of an encoding-retrieval match for spontaneous episodic memory in young children.
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Voetnoten
1
In previous studies using the same basic design, in addition to the Word List measure, a Coding Scheme measure was also used. However, since the two measures have repeatedly led to almost identical results across studies, we this time—for the sake of simplicity—only included the Word List measure in the manuscript.
 
2
Given that we failed to obtain CDI data from one participant, these analyses were based on n = 75.
 
3
Given that we failed to obtain CDI data from six participants, these analyses were based on n = 71.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
On the importance of contextual cues for spontaneous recall in 35- and 46-month-old children
Auteurs
Trine Sonne
Osman S. Kingo
Dorthe Berntsen
Peter Krøjgaard
Publicatiedatum
31-07-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2023
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-022-01718-3

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