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07-09-2022 | Original Article

Approach in green, avoid in red? Examining interindividual variabilities and personal color preferences through continuous measures of specific meaning associations

Auteurs: Sabrina Bouhassoun, Mikaël Naveau, Nicolas Delcroix, Nicolas Poirel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2023

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Abstract

Empirically based literature suggests that avoidance/approach motivation arising from color–meaning associations assume a key mediational role in the color effect during psychological functioning. Even if several studies investigated color–meaning associations through different methodological approaches, no study investigated specific color–meaning associations (1) through continuous measures (2) for both positive and negative meanings. In addition, color effects are not unequivocal, and interindividual variability issues are still underexplored. The present study is based on the application of visual analog scales to assess continuous measures of specific color–meaning associations related to both negative and positive meanings that could rely on avoidance/approach motivation. The data analyses compared the distribution of the color–meaning association scores rated by participants (N = 152) on visual analog scales. The results showed strong associations between red color and items that could be related to avoidance motivation. Conversely, green color association scores showed distinct and specific associations that could be related to approach motivation. The results also revealed that blue color could exhibit a similar pattern for some meaning association scores compared with green color, as well as orange compared with red association scores. In addition, the results suggest that color preferences may influence color effects, especially regarding color-related approach motivation. The present study provides new insights about the color effect on psychological functioning and a novel approach to investigate the mediational processes such as avoidance/approach motivation that considers interindividual differences along a continuum.
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Literatuur
go back to reference Kaya, N., & Epps, H. H. (2004). Relationship between color and emotion: A study of college students. College Student Journal, 38(3), 396–405. Kaya, N., & Epps, H. H. (2004). Relationship between color and emotion: A study of college students. College Student Journal, 38(3), 396–405.
go back to reference Xia, G., Henry, P., Li, M., Queiroz, F., Westland, S., & Yu, L. (2022). A Comparative Study of Colour Effects on Cognitive Performance in Real-World and VR Environments. Brain Sciences, 12(1). Xia, G., Henry, P., Li, M., Queiroz, F., Westland, S., & Yu, L. (2022). A Comparative Study of Colour Effects on Cognitive Performance in Real-World and VR Environments. Brain Sciences, 12(1).
Metagegevens
Titel
Approach in green, avoid in red? Examining interindividual variabilities and personal color preferences through continuous measures of specific meaning associations
Auteurs
Sabrina Bouhassoun
Mikaël Naveau
Nicolas Delcroix
Nicolas Poirel
Publicatiedatum
07-09-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2023
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-022-01732-5

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