Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
We used discrete-time survival mixture modeling to examine 5,305 adolescents from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth regarding the impact of parental monitoring during early adolescence (ages 14–16) on initiation of sexual intercourse and problem behavior engagement (ages 14–23). Four distinctive parental-monitoring groups were identified and labeled as “High,” “Increasing,” “Decreasing,” and “Low”. About 68% of adolescents received a high level of parental monitoring from ages 14 to 16 (High), 6 and 9% respectively exhibited an accelerated (Increasing) and a decelerated trajectory (Decreasing), and 17% had consistently low parental monitoring (Low). Relative to participants in the Low group, adolescents in the High group delayed sexual initiation by 1.5 years. Males, relative to females, were more likely to have had a low trajectory of parental monitoring, and were more likely to initiate sexual intercourse before age 14. In contrast to White Adolescents, Hispanics and Blacks were less likely to receive High parental monitoring, and had a higher rate of early sexual initiation before age 14. The study demonstrates the temporal relationship of parental monitoring with adolescent sexual initiation from a longitudinal perspective. An increase of parental monitoring across ages is accompanied with a decrease of sexual risk. The continual high level of parental monitoring from ages 14 to 16 also mitigated the risk of engagement in substance use and delinquent behaviors from ages 14 to 23.
Caminis, A., Henrich, C., Ruchkin, V., Schwab-Stone, M., & Martin, A. (2007). Psychosocial predictors of sexual initiation and high-risk sexual behaviors in early adolescence. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 1, 1–14. CrossRef
Johnson, K., & Tyler, K. (2007). Adolescent sexual onset: An intergenerational analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36, 939–949. CrossRef
Mitchell, C. M., Whitesell, N. R., Spicer, P., Beals, J., Kaufman, C. E., & The pathways of choice and healthy ways project team. (2007). Cumulative risk for early sexual initiation among American Indian youth: A discrete-time survival analysis. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 17, 387–412. CrossRef
Muthén, B. (2004). Latent variable analysis: Growth mixture modeling and related techniques for longitudinal data. In D. Kaplan (Ed.), Handbook of quantitative methodology for the social sciences (pp. 345–368). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Muthén, B., & Masyn, K. (2005). Discrete-time survival mixture analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 30, 27–58. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. (2007). Mplus user’s guide (Third edition ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Otto, L. B., & Atkinson, M. P. (1997). Parental involvement and adolescent development. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 68–89. CrossRef
Romer, D., Stanton, B., Galbraith, J., Feigelman, S., Black, M. M., & Li, X. (1999). Parental influence on adolescent sexual behavior in high-poverty settings. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 153, 1055–1062. PubMed
Santelli, J. S., Kaiser, J., Hirsch, L., Radosh, A., Simkin, L., & Middlestadt, S. (2004). Initiation of sexual intercourse among middle school adolescents: The influence of psychosocial factors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34, 200–208. PubMed
Singer, J. D., & Willett, J. B. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis: Modeling change and event occurrence. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.
Stanton, B., Li, X., Pack, R., Cottrell, L., Harris, C., & Burns, J. M. (2002). Longitudinal influence of perceptions of peer and parental factors on African American adolescent risk involvement. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 79, 536–548. CrossRef
US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2008). The NLSY97. Retrieved March 14, 2008, from http://www.bls.gov/nls/nlsy97.htm.
- Parental Monitoring During Early Adolescence Deters Adolescent Sexual Initiation: Discrete-Time Survival Mixture Analysis
David Y. C. Huang
Debra A. Murphy
- Springer US