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01-09-2010 | Artikelen

Opvoeding en de ontwikkeling van grandioos en kwetsbaar narcisme: Een overzicht

Auteurs: Eddie Brummelman, Bsc., Dr. Sander C. E. Thomaes

Gepubliceerd in: Kind en adolescent | Uitgave 3/2010

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samenvatting

De basis van de narcistische persoonlijkheid wordt gelegd in de kindertijd. Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van empirisch onderzoek naar de opvoedingsfactoren die van invloed kunnen zijn op de ontwikkeling van narcisme – in het bijzonder van de grandioze en kwetsbare subtypes van narcisme. Onderzoek suggereert dat de ontwikkeling van beide subtypes kan worden bevorderd door enerzijds (excessieve) ouderlijke permissiviteit en anderzijds ouderlijke ‘overwaardering’ of juist koudheid en afwijzing. Beloninggevoelig temperament van het kind kan deze invloeden versterken. Daarnaast is gebleken dat de ontwikkeling van kwetsbaar (maar niet grandioos) narcisme kan worden gestimuleerd door ouderlijke psychologische controle. Strafgevoelig temperament van het kind kan deze invloed versterken. Cross-cultureel, prospectief longitudinaal onderzoek is nodig om de causaliteit en generaliseerbaarheid van deze verbanden vast te stellen. Narcisme is een groeiend probleem in de westerse samenleving, en we hopen dat kennis van de socialisatie van narcisme deze trend kan keren.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Opvoeding en de ontwikkeling van grandioos en kwetsbaar narcisme: Een overzicht
Auteurs
Eddie Brummelman, Bsc.
Dr. Sander C. E. Thomaes
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2010
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Kind en adolescent / Uitgave 3/2010
Print ISSN: 0167-2436
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5998
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03089712

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