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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2014

01-07-2014 | Original Paper

Narrative Performance of Optimal Outcome Children and Adolescents with a History of an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Auteurs: Joyce Suh, Inge-Marie Eigsti, Letitia Naigles, Marianne Barton, Elizabeth Kelley, Deborah Fein

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2014

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Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) have traditionally been considered a lifelong condition; however, a subset of people makes such significant improvements that they no longer meet diagnostic criteria for an ASD. The current study examines whether these “optimal outcome” (OO) children and adolescents continue to have subtle pragmatic language deficits. The narratives of 15 OO individuals, 15 high-functioning individuals with an ASD (HFA), and 15 typically developing (TD) peers were evaluated. Despite average cognitive functioning, the ASD group produced narratives with fewer central “gist” descriptions, more ambiguous pronominal referents, idiosyncratic language, speech dysfluency (more repetitions and self-corrections), and were less likely to name story characters. The OO participants displayed only very subtle pragmatic and higher-level language deficits (idiosyncratic language and self-correction dysfluency).
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Metagegevens
Titel
Narrative Performance of Optimal Outcome Children and Adolescents with a History of an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Auteurs
Joyce Suh
Inge-Marie Eigsti
Letitia Naigles
Marianne Barton
Elizabeth Kelley
Deborah Fein
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2042-9