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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2014

01-04-2014 | Original Paper

Mind Reading Skills and Empathy: Evidence for Nice and Nasty ToM Behaviours in School-Aged Children

Auteurs: Antonia Lonigro, Fiorenzo Laghi, Roberto Baiocco, Emma Baumgartner

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 3/2014

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Abstract

We investigated the social use of theory of mind in school-aged children. The expressions Nice Theory of Mind and Nasty Theory of Mind are used to differentiate behaviours requiring a prosocial use and an antisocial use of ToM abilities respectively. Our goals was to investigate whether and how mind reading abilities and empathy affect nice and nasty ToM behaviours. One hundred and ninety-seven children who were fourth and fifth graders took part in this study. Participants were administered stories that assessed cognitive, affective or moral mental state reasoning abilities and they also completed a self-report measure of empathy. Teachers’ rating on children’s prosocial and antisocial behaviours that underpin ToM abilities led us to identify nice and nasty ToM behaviours. We found that children who engage in nasty ToM behaviour showed good abilities to understand others’ thoughts and beliefs. However, children with nice ToM behaviour showed more moral and emotional sensitivity as compared to children who engage in nasty ToM behaviour. Furthermore, the hot component of empathy is stronger in fostering prosocial behaviours and inhibiting antisocial acts than cognitive component.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Mind Reading Skills and Empathy: Evidence for Nice and Nasty ToM Behaviours in School-Aged Children
Auteurs
Antonia Lonigro
Fiorenzo Laghi
Roberto Baiocco
Emma Baumgartner
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 3/2014
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9722-5