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Gepubliceerd in: Verslaving 2/2016

08-02-2016 | Artikel

Middelengebruik als adjunctief gedrag

Auteurs: Francis De Groot, Geert Dom

Gepubliceerd in: Verslaving | Uitgave 2/2016

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Samenvatting

Adjunctief of schemageïnduceerd gedrag is gedrag dat binnen een ander gedragspatroon opduikt, als gevolg van het bekrachtigingsschema. De bekendste en meest onderzochte vorm is schemageïnduceerde polydipsie (SIP) bij ratten. Reeds snel na de ontdekking werd SIP gebruikt om eerst ratten en later ook apen alcohol te laten drinken. Intussen is aangetoond dat bij dieren verschillende vormen van verslaving adjunctief veroorzaakt kunnen worden. Dergelijk onderzoek is bij mensen veel zeldzamer en moeilijker (om ethische redenen), maar er zijn aanwijzingen dat het ook daar een rol kan spelen. Dit kan implicaties hebben voor preventie en behandeling, doch meer onderzoek hierover is dringend gewenst.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Middelengebruik als adjunctief gedrag
Auteurs
Francis De Groot
Geert Dom
Publicatiedatum
08-02-2016
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Verslaving / Uitgave 2/2016
Print ISSN: 1574-1842
Elektronisch ISSN: 1875-7073
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12501-016-0050-5

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