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Gepubliceerd in: Verslaving 2/2016

17-12-2015 | Artikel

Prioriteiten voor het lokale ‘harm reduction’-beleid

Drugsgebruikers als sleutelfiguren

Auteurs: Prof. dr. Freya Vander Laenen, Drs. Louis Favril, Prof. dr. Tom Decorte

Gepubliceerd in: Verslaving | Uitgave 2/2016

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Samenvatting

‘Harm reduction’-strategieën blijken effectief, zo leert internationaal onderzoek. Essentieel is dat een lokaal drugsbeleid, waar harm reduction een pijler van uitmaakt, is afgestemd op de lokale setting en de lokale behoeften. Bij de uitbouw van een drugsbeleid is het dan ook noodzakelijk om alle betrokken actoren een stem te geven. Deze insteek was het startpunt van deze studie, waarbij de lokale behoeften van zowel professionals als drugsgebruikers in kaart werden gebracht wat betreft harm reduction. De resultaten tonen aan dat de prioriteiten van beide groepen respondenten gelijkenissen vertonen, maar ook aanzienlijke verschillen. Dit bevestigt het belang om, binnen een ‘bottom-up’-aanpak, ook drugsgebruikers als sleutelfiguren te includeren in beleids- en praktijkgericht onderzoek.

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Voetnoten
1
Het Drugbeleidsplan Stad Gent (2013–2018) heeft ‘gezondheidsbevordering van drugsgebruikers - harm reduction’ als een van de zeven speerpunten opgenomen. De overige speerpunten zijn: a sociale activering en arbeidsactivering drugsgebruikers, b bestrijding drugsoverlast, c aandacht voor dubbele diagnose, d alcoholbeleid, e veilig en gezond uitgaan, en f gerichte preventie/vroeginterventie/opvoedingsondersteuning bij minder bereikte groepen.
 
2
Treatment Assisted by DiAcetylMorphine (TADAM) was een pilotproject voor medisch gecontroleerde heroïneverstrekking dat tussen januari 2011 en september 2013 plaatsvond in Luik (Demaret et al. 2011, 2013).
 
3
Gebruiksruimtes kunnen we globaal onderverdelen in twee types. Specifieke gebruiksruimtes functioneren volledig op zichzelf en autonoom. Geïntegreerde gebruiksruimtes maken deel uit van een breder netwerk van voorzieningen; ze zijn vaak op dezelfde locatie als andere laagdrempelige drugshulpverleningscentra gevestigd (Havinga et al. 2012).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Prioriteiten voor het lokale ‘harm reduction’-beleid
Drugsgebruikers als sleutelfiguren
Auteurs
Prof. dr. Freya Vander Laenen
Drs. Louis Favril
Prof. dr. Tom Decorte
Publicatiedatum
17-12-2015
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Verslaving / Uitgave 2/2016
Print ISSN: 1574-1842
Elektronisch ISSN: 1875-7073
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12501-015-0047-5