Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Maternal expressed emotion (EE), including maternal criticism and emotional over-involvement, is considered an index of family emotional climate that is critical for children’s psychological well-being. Limited research investigates how each element of EE differentially contributes to child behavior problems, or explores the mechanisms, such as child emotion dysregulation, through which parental EE influences child psychosocial outcomes. This study examined maternal EE, child emotion dysregulation, and child behavior problems among 60 mother–child dyads from a community sample, utilizing multi-method and multi-reporter assessment. Findings indicated that maternal expressed criticism toward the child was positively associated with child externalizing symptoms through its relation to increased child emotion dysregulation, whereas maternal emotional over-involvement was negatively associated with child externalizing symptoms through its negative relation to child emotion dysregulation. These results provided increased support for a model in which maternal criticism remains negatively associated with child psychosocial outcomes, but the construct of emotional over-involvement is not necessarily associated with youth psychosocial problems. This study also illustrated one pathway through which maternal EE influence child psychosocial functioning, thus placing EE research in the broader context of research on family emotion socialization.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4-18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont.
Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M. C., Hamilton, E. B., Goldstein, M. J., & Guthrie, D. (1994). Family-expressed emotion, childhood-onset depression, and childhood-set schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Is expressed emotion a nonspecific correlate of child psychopathology or a specific risk factor for depression? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 22, 129–146. PubMedCrossRef
Brown, G. W., & Rutter, M. (1966). The measurement of family activities and relationships: A methodological study. Human Relations, 19, 241–263.
Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Morgan, J., Rutter, M., Taylor, A., Kim-Cohen, J., et al. (2004). Maternal expressed emotion predicts children’s antisocial behavior problems: Using monozygotic-twin differences to identify environmental effects on behavioral development. Developmental Psychology, 41, 149–161. CrossRef
Cassano, M., Perry-Parrish, C., & Zeman, J. (2007). Influence of gender on parental socialization of children’s sadness regulation. Social Development, 16, 210–231. CrossRef
Cicchetti, D., Ackerman, B. P., & Izard, C. E. (1995). Emotions and emotion regulation in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psyhcopathology, 7, 1–10. CrossRef
Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1996). Parental meta-emotion philosophy and the emotional life of families: Theoretical models and preliminary data. Journal of Family Psychology, 3, 243–268. CrossRef
Hirshfeld, D. R., Biederman, J., Brody, L., & Faraone, S. V. (1997). Associations between expressed emotion and child behavioral inhibition and psychopathology: A pilot study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 148, 642–647.
Hooven, C., Gottman, J. M., & Katz, L. F. (1995). Parental meta-emotion structure predicts family and child outcomes. Cognition and Emotion, 9, 22–24. CrossRef
Jenkins, J. H., & Karno, M. (1992). The meaning of expressed emotion: Theoretical issue raised by cross-cultural research. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 9–21. PubMed
Laghezza, L., Delvecchio, E., Salcuni, S., Di Riso, D., Chessa, D., Lis, A., et al. (2011). Five-minute speech sample measure of expressed emotion among parents of typically developing Italian children: A pilot study. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2, 382–392. CrossRef
Leff, J., & Vaughn, C. (1985). Expressed emotion in families: Its significance for mental illness. New York: Guilford Press.
Magana-Amato, A. (2012). Manual for Coding Expressed Emotion from the Five Minute Speech Sample. Unpublished manual from the author.
Magana-Amato, A., Goldstein, J., Karno, M., Miklowitz, D. J., Jenkins, J., & Falloon, I. R. (1986). A brief method for assessing expressed emotion in relatives of psychiatric patients. Psychiatry Research, 17, 203–212. CrossRef
Morris, A., Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., Myers, S. S., & Robinson, L. R. (2007). The role of family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16, 338–361. CrossRef
Rogosch, F. A., Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. L. (2004). Expressed emotion in multiple subsystems of the families of toddlers with depressed mothers. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 689–709.
Seed, S. J., & Weiss, M. S. (2002). Maternal expressed emotion as a predictor of emotional and behavioral problems in low birth weight children. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 23, 649–672. CrossRef
Stern, E. H. (2002). Expressed emotion and interaction patterns in mothers with anxiety disorders and their children. Dissertation Abstracts International, B: The Sciences and Engineering, 63, 1050.
Suveg, C., & Zeman, J. (2004). Emotion regulation in children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Clinical and Child Psychology, 33, 750–759. CrossRef
Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 25–52.
Thompson, R. A., & Meyer, S. (2007). Socialization of emotion regulation in the family. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 249–268). New York: Guilford.
Zeman, J., Perry-Parish, C., & Cassano, M. (2010). Parent-child discussions of anger and sadness: The importance of parent and child gender during middle childhood. In A. K. Root & S. A. Denham (Eds.), The role of gender in the socialization of emotion: Key concepts and critical issues. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development (Vol. 128, pp. 65–83). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
- Maternal Expressed Emotion in Relation to Child Behavior Problems: Differential and Mediating Effects
Zhuo Rachel Han
- Springer US