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29-06-2020 | Original Paper

Hierarchical Processing in ASD is Driven by Exaggerated Salience Effects, not Local Bias

Auteurs: Ayelet Baisa, Carmel Mevorach, Lilach Shalev

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2021

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Abstract

The role of relative salience in processing of hierarchical stimuli in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was examined in this study. Participants with ASD and typically developing controls performed a Navon letters task under conditions of global salience, local salience or equal salience of both levels. Results revealed no group differences in level of processing (global or local) and no local bias for ASD. Rather, both groups showed better performance when targets were more salient compared to when distractors were more salient. Importantly, participants with ASD exhibited increased sensitivity to salience at the distractor level. We conclude that inconsistent findings in the context of global/local processing in ASD may stem from such exaggerated salience effects.
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Voetnoten
1
All of the participants were born before 2013 and were diagnosed according to the existing DSM version at the time.
 
2
Mostly, only 1–2 trials were excluded (on rare occasions there were three excluded trials) in a block of 48 trials, but never more than that). This was the case for all of the participants, in all conditions, in both groups.
 
3
An additional statistical analysis with 'Raven's Progressive Matrices' scores as a co-variate (ANCOVA) replicated the significant level, size and group interaction on IES that were obtained in the original analysis.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Hierarchical Processing in ASD is Driven by Exaggerated Salience Effects, not Local Bias
Auteurs
Ayelet Baisa
Carmel Mevorach
Lilach Shalev
Publicatiedatum
29-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04578-1

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