Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
We compared factors influencing adolescents’ self-control according to their family structure. Participants were 944 adolescents in five cities in South Korea (115 from single-parent families, 65 from grandparent-led families, and 764 from two-parent families). Data were collected using self-report questionnaires containing items on self-control, stress, parenting attitude, parent–adolescent communication, and family cohesion. Data were analyzed using stepwise multiple regressions with SPSS program. The factors influencing adolescents’ self-control differed across the three family structure groups. For single-parent families, stress and parental attitudes were significantly related to adolescents’ self-control (adjusted R2 = 0.37, p < 0.001). In contrast, for grandparent-led families, family cohesion and parental attitude were significantly related to adolescents’ self-control (adjusted R2 = 0.31, p < 0.01), while for two-parent families, stress, parental attitude, and parent–adolescent communication were related to the outcome (adjusted R2 = 0.24, p < 0.001). Parental attitude was thus a common factor relating to self-control, regardless of family structure. On the other hand, the main factors influencing adolescents with low self-control were gender and stress. Our results confirm that adolescents’ self-control is not only affected by personal factors but also by parental and family factors. It is important to improve individual program to improve adolescents’ self-control according to family structure. The results of study may act as a base for improving individual intervention programs aimed at promoting adolescents’ self-control by factoring in family structure.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aro, H., Huurre, T., & Junkkari, H. (2006). Long-term psychosocial effects of parental divorce: a follow-up study from adolescence to adulthood. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 256, 256–263. CrossRef
Barnes, L. H., & Olson, D. H. (1982). Parent-adolescent communication scale. In D. H. Olson, H. I. McCubbin, A. Larson, M. Muxen & M. Wilson (Eds.), Family inventories (pp. 35–27). St. Paul, MN: Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
Barrett, A. E., & Turner, R. J. (2006). Family structure and substance use problems in adolescence and early adulthood: examining explanations for the relationship. Addiction, 101(1), 109–120. CrossRef
Baumrind, D. (1989). The permanence of change and the impermanence of stability. Human Development, 32(3–4), 187–195. CrossRef
Bleininger, M. S. (2016). An examination of self-control and the family structure (Unpublished master’s thesis). Department of Sociology, Kent State University Honors College.
Chapple, C. L., & Hope, T. L. (2003). An analysis of the self-control and criminal versatility of gang and dating violence offenders. Violence and Victims, 18(6), 671–690. CrossRef
Cho, A. M., & Lim, Y. S. (2009). The differences of adolescents’ psychological characteristics and delinquency status according to family structure. Journal of Future Oriented Youth Society, 6(1), 157–173.
Cho, Y. C., & Lee, H. J. (2007). Psycho-social distress and its related factors among high school students in Daejeon city. Journal of the Korean Society of School Health, 20(2), 91–102.
Choi, J. S., & Ryu, J. A. (2012). The effect of perceived parenting behavior by adolescents on self-control and aggression. Korea Journal of Counseling, 13(1), 273–290. CrossRef
Cookston, J. T. (1999). Parental supervision and family structure: Effects on adolescent problem behaviors. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 32(1–2), 107–122. dating violence offenders. Violence and Victims, 18(6), 671–690. CrossRef
Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Hamama, L., & Ronen-Shenhav, A. (2012). Self-control, social support and aggression among adolescents in divorced and two-parent families. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(5), 1042–1049. CrossRef
Hong, S. H., Shin, H. S., & Lee, S. J. (2013). The relationship among peer support, family strength and self-control in high school students. Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association, 25(3), 79–91.
Khoury-Kassabri, M., Benbenishty, R., Astor, R. A., & Zeira, A. (2004). The contributions of community, family, and school variables to student victimization. American Journal of Community Psychology, 34(3–4), 187–204. CrossRef
Kim, H. S. (2008). A study of the influence of grandparent’s attitude to bring up. Care stress on grandchildren’s adjustment in grandparent-grandchildren family. Journal of Korean Society of Child Welfare, 18, 85–117.
Kim, S. H. (2001). A study on self-control and juvenile delinquency (Unpublished master’s thesis). Kyung-Ki University, Seoul, South Korea.
Kim, S. H., & Lee, M. Y. (2014). Seeking plans for social support corresponding to the nurturing types of grandparents in grandparent-grandchildren families. Journal of Korean Family Welfare, 19(3), 549–572. CrossRef
Kim, Y. M. (2006). The relationship between family structure and social control factors on adolescent drinking and smoking. Studies on Korean Youth, 13(6), 151–178.
Kim, Y. M., & Lim, Y. S. (2014). Change patterns of adolescents’ self-control employing the hierarchical growth modeling: Tests of the effects of parent attachment. Journal of Korean Youth Studies, 21(5), 303–327.
Ko, M. S. (2010). Influence of parents’ child rearing attitudes on family cohesion and self-esteem in adolescents. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 16(3), 195–202. CrossRef
Lee, H. L., Doh, H. S., Kim, M. J., & Park, B. K. (2009). Pathways from maternal parenting behavior to adolescents’ internet addiction: mediating effects of adolescents’ self-control and depression/anxiety. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 30(2), 97–112.
Lee, S. A. (2007). The effects of family structure and socioeconomic background on adolescence’s ego and psychological variables. Journal of Korean Family Welfare, 12(1), 83–103.
Lee, S. H., & Min, H. Y. (1992). Family system types and parent-adolescent communication. Yonsei Journal of Euthenics, 6, 215–226.
Lieber, M. J., Mack, K. Y., & Featherstone, R. A. (2009). Family structure, family processes, economic factors, and delinquency: Similarities and differences by race and ethnicity. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 7(2), 79–99. CrossRef
Mahoney, A., Krumrei, E. J., & Warner, H. L. (2009). When parents break sacred vows: The role of spiritual appraisals, coping, and struggles in young adults’ adjustment to parental divorce. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 1(4), 233–248. CrossRef
McKee, J. R. (2012). The moderation effects of family structure and low self-control. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 37(3), 356–377. CrossRef
Meldrum, R. C. (2008). Beyond parenting: An examination of the etiology of self-control. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36(2), 244–251. CrossRef
Mennemeyer, S. T., & Sen, B. (2006). Undesirable juvenile behavior and the quality of parenting. Southern Economic Journal, 73(2), 437–460. CrossRef
Min, H. Y., Lee, Y. J., & Kim, K. H. (2008). The relationship between mother-adolescent communication and adolescent’s alienation in single mother-headed family and two parent family. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 26(3), 15–23.
Nam, H. M., & Ok, S. H. (2001). The effects of psychological family environment, self-control and friends characteristics of middle school students on their problem behaviors. Journal of the Korean Hone Economics Association, 39(7), 37–58.
Olson, D. H., Russell, C. S., & Sprenkle, D. H. (1983). Circumplex model of marital and family system: IV. Theoretical update. Family Process, 22(1), 69–83. CrossRef
Pauwels, L., & Svensson, R. (2009). Adolescent lifestyle risk by gender and ethnic background: Findings from two urban samples. European Journal of Criminology, 6(1), 5–23. CrossRef
Phythian, K., Keane, C., & Krull, C. (2008). Family structure and parental behavior: Identifying the sources of adolescent self-control. Western Criminology Review, 9(2), 73–87.
Sok, S. H., & Shin, S. H. (2010). Comparison of the factors influencing children’s self-esteem between two parent families and single parent families. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 40(3), 367–377. CrossRef
Son, M. Y., & Kim, Y. H. (2009). Effects of family conflict and self-control on school maladjustments of early adolescents. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 27(5), 123–135.
Statistics Korea. (2012). Korean statistical information service. Daejeon: Statistics Korea. Retrieved from www.kosis.kr/eng/.
Statistics Korea. (2017). Korean statistical information service. Daejeon: Statistics Korea. Retrieved from www.kosis.kr/eng/.
Vazsonyi, A. T., & Belliston, L. M. (2007). The family → low self-control → deviance: a cross-cultural and cross-national test of self-control theory. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(4), 505–530. CrossRef
Yoo, A. J., & Han, M. H. (1996). The relation of stress and perceived social support to problem behavior. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 17(1), 173–188.
Yoo, A. J., Lee, J. S., & Su, J. H. (2003). Differences in the level of delinquent behaviors depending on family structures among adolescents. Journal of Korean Home Economics Association, 43(10), 91–102.
Yun, E. K., & Shin, S. H. (2013). Comparison of the factors influencing young adolescents’ aggression according family structure. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 43(3), 321–330. CrossRef
- Factors Influencing Adolescents’ Self-control According to Family Structure
In Young Cho
Ja Sook Kim
Ja Ok Kim
- Springer US