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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2018

03-07-2018 | Review Paper

Developmental considerations for assessment of trauma symptoms in preschoolers: a review of measures and diagnoses

Auteurs: Kristen R. Choi, Sandra A. Graham-Bermann

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2018

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Abstract

Child maltreatment can lead to a unique set of trauma stress among young children that can be challenging to measure. The purpose of this review was to review measures of maltreatment-related trauma outcomes (trauma-related symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorders) in very young children (ages 0–6) and to examine research trends in how and if child development is accounted for in this area of measurement. A systematic search strategy was used to identify articles in two databases, CINAHL and PsychInfo. Articles were eligible for inclusion in the review if they measured trauma symptoms in children ages 0–6, were quantitative research reports of studies conducted in North America, and were published in English. The search resulted in 74 articles meeting prespecified inclusion criteria. Results suggested that recognition of the ways maltreatment trauma affects child development and the importance of developmental sensitivity in assessing trauma symptoms has grown in recent years. However, many research studies did not use developmental frameworks and applied adult-oriented trauma symptom frameworks in measurement and treatment. Behavioral symptoms were the primary outcome of interest for this age group. There was also incongruity and lack of consensus about diagnostic tools for post-traumatic stress disorders in young children. Further research is needed to resolve theoretical and empirical controversies related to measurement and diagnosis of trauma symptomatology in young children.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Developmental considerations for assessment of trauma symptoms in preschoolers: a review of measures and diagnoses
Auteurs
Kristen R. Choi
Sandra A. Graham-Bermann
Publicatiedatum
03-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2018
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1177-2