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20-11-2017 | Original Paper | Uitgave 7/2019 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2019

Examining the Effectiveness of Naturalistic Social Skills Training in Developing Social Skills and Theory of Mind in Preschoolers with ASD

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 7/2019
Auteurs:
Grzegorz Szumski, Joanna Smogorzewska, Paweł Grygiel, Ann-Marie Orlando

Abstract

We compared the effectiveness of two programs for developing social skills, ‘Play Time/Social Time’ (PT/ST) and ‘I Can Problem Solve’ (ICPS), in improving the social skills and theory of mind (ToM) of preschoolers with ASD. The experiment took place in a classroom setting. Fifty-two children attended and data were analyzed with latent growth curve models. Comparison with a control group indicated that both programs were effective in developing social skills. The PT/ST program was more effective than ICPS in developing interaction skills; both programs improved children’s ability to cope with difficult social situations. The ICPS program was marginally effective in developing ToM when compared with PT/ST and control condition. These results are relevant to children with ASD and their teachers.

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