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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2019

29-04-2019 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Visual Perception, Task-Induced Pupil Response Trajectories and ASD Features in Children

Auteurs: Antoinette Sabatino DiCriscio, Yirui Hu, Vanessa Troiani

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2019

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Abstract

We applied a trajectory-based analysis to eye tracking data in order to quantify individualized patterns of pupil response in the context of global–local processing that may be associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) features. Multiple pupil response trajectories across both global and local conditions were identified. Using the combined trajectory patterns for global and local conditions for each individual, we were able to identify three groups based on trajectory group membership that were thought to reflect perceptual strategy. Results indicated that the proportion of children with ASD was significantly greater in the group demonstrating a local-focus response. This research presents a novel analytic approach to the objective characterization of individualized pupil response patterns that are associated with ASD features.
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Voetnoten
1
While stimuli were presented for 5.5 s, due to consistent variability in Tobii eyetracking acquisitions (some having slightly over and/or under 330 samples taken across each 5.5 stimulus presentation) the initial 300 collected samples within each trial were used in analyses.
 
2
We also explored potential differences in baseline pupil diameter between global and local conditions between our pupil trajectory groups; however, results did not indicate significant differences in baseline pupil diameter associated with pupil trajectory groups (p’s > 0.73).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Visual Perception, Task-Induced Pupil Response Trajectories and ASD Features in Children
Auteurs
Antoinette Sabatino DiCriscio
Yirui Hu
Vanessa Troiani
Publicatiedatum
29-04-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04028-7