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Research has shown a link between parental and offspring internalizing problems and that parental warmth and overprotection affect these relationships. However, less research has examined how parental warmth and overprotection affect the link between parental internalizing problems and irritability in adolescents. Thus, the current study investigated the moderating effect of parental warmth and overprotection on the relationship between parental internalizing problems and adolescent irritability in the context of parent and child gender.
Participants were parents of adolescents aged 10–24 years and completed surveys online about themselves, the adolescent, and the adolescent’s other primary caregiver. Questionnaires assessed parental warmth and overprotection, parental internalizing problems, and adolescent irritability.
Results indicated a moderating effect of parental warmth (b = −0.08, p< 0.01) and overprotection (b = 0.21, p< 0.01) on the relationship between parental internalizing problems and adolescent irritability. Parent and child gender further moderated the relationship when examining parental overprotection (b = −0.16, p< 0.01) but not parental warmth.
Results highlight the importance of examining factors, such as parental internalizing problems, warmth, and overprotection, that influence the development of irritability symptoms in adolescents. Additionally, results highlight the importance of examining how gender moderates these relationships. For example, the effect of maternal overprotection on male adolescents was particularly important, which suggests that more research should be done to further understand the complex nature of this relationship.
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- Effects of Parental Internalizing Problems on Irritability in Adolescents: Moderation by Parental Warmth and Overprotection
Ellen H. Steele
- Springer US
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843