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14-05-2019 | Original Paper

The Weight Status of Only Children in China: The Role of Marital Satisfaction and Maternal Warmth

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Auteurs:
Bin-Bin Chen, Nan Zhou
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Supplementary information

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10826-019-01455-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objectives

Previous studies have indicated that only children (i.e., children without siblings) have a greater risk of being overweight and/or obese than children with siblings. The present study aimed to explore how family factors, such as maternal warmth and marital relationships, are associated with the weight status of only children in China.

Methods

The sample was comprised of 395 mothers (M = 32.95 years old, SD= 3.18) with only children (M = 61.32 months, SD= 9.32) in Shanghai, China. Mothers completed questionnaires assessing maternal warmth and marital satisfaction. In addition, they reported their children’s weight and height, which was used to calculate the children’s body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obese status.

Results

Maternal warmth was negatively related to only children’s BMI and overweight/obese status. Marital satisfaction, on the other hand, was only negatively related to only children’s BMI. In addition, maternal warmth had a mediating role in the association between marital satisfaction and children’s BMI.

Conclusions

The findings may enhance our understanding of how family functioning influences only children’s weight.

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10826_2019_1455_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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