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05-09-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Differential Susceptibility to the Benefits of Mindful Parenting Depending on Child Dispositional Mindfulness

Auteurs: Esther Calvete, Joana Gómez-Odriozola, Izaskun Orue

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 2/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Mindful parenting has been proposed as a contributing factor for reducing psychological problems in children. However, mixed results regarding the association between mindful parenting and child psychological problems suggest that the benefits could be moderated by children’s characteristics. This study, based on differential susceptibility to parenting models, aims to examine whether child dispositional mindfulness profiles can moderate the impact of mindful parenting, so that children with a poorer dispositional mindfulness profile benefit more when their parents present a mindful parenting style.

Method

A total of 348 parents and their adolescent children participated in a two-wave longitudinal study with a 1-year interval. Parents answered measures of mindful parenting (mindful discipline and being in the moment with the child), and children answered measures of dispositional mindfulness, depressive symptoms, aggressive behavior, and peer victimization. The adolescents were classified according to their dispositional mindfulness profiles.

Results

Mindful discipline predicted reduced depressive symptoms, aggression, and victimization after 1 year, whereas, being with the child only predicted reduced depressive symptoms. The results showed an interaction effect, according to which adolescents with poor dispositional mindfulness (i.e., high scores in observing and low scores in nonjudging and acting with awareness) benefited more from mindful parenting.

Conclusions

Adolescents with a poor dispositional mindfulness profile benefit the most from mindful parenting. Adolescents with an adequate mindfulness profile tend to show lower levels of aggression and depressive symptoms, regardless of whether their parents exhibit a mindful parenting style.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Differential Susceptibility to the Benefits of Mindful Parenting Depending on Child Dispositional Mindfulness
Auteurs
Esther Calvete
Joana Gómez-Odriozola
Izaskun Orue
Publicatiedatum
05-09-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 2/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01467-7

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