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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2020

25-09-2019 | Original Paper

Diagnostic Disclosure and Social Marginalisation of Adults with ASD: Is There a Relationship and What Mediates It?

Auteurs: Cliodhna O’Connor, Judith Burke, Brendan Rooney

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2020

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Abstract

Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience social marginalisation. This study uses a vignette-based design to clarify whether diagnostic disclosure affects social marginalisation in workplace contexts. It investigates two potential mediators of this relationship: affective response to and theory of mind for people with ASD. Participants (n = 170) read a description of a hypothetical co-worker with ASD traits, whose diagnosis was either disclosed or concealed. Providing a diagnostic label significantly reduced participants’ desire to socially distance themselves from the target. This effect was mediated by positive affective responses. Diagnostic disclosure did not influence theory of mind for people with ASD but did increase tendencies to attribute primary emotions to the target; however, this did not relate to social distance outcomes.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
All self-reported data are subject to social desirability concerns, but to varying degrees. Asking people to report their own emotional states (e.g. rate their levels of ‘excitement’, ‘guilt’, ‘upset’) arguably triggers less social desirability motives than asking them to make explicit judgements about the character or competence of another person.
 
2
Cronbach’s alpha values for specific measures were as follows: social distance = 0.85, positive affective response = 0.79, negative affective response = 0.78, perspective-taking = 0.74, ASQ-S = 0.82.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Diagnostic Disclosure and Social Marginalisation of Adults with ASD: Is There a Relationship and What Mediates It?
Auteurs
Cliodhna O’Connor
Judith Burke
Brendan Rooney
Publicatiedatum
25-09-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2020
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04239-y

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