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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2014

01-05-2014

Depressive Symptoms Following Coping with Peer Aggression: The Moderating Role of Negative Emotionality

Auteurs: Niwako Sugimura, Karen D. Rudolph, Anna M. Agoston

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2014

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Abstract

The way in which children cope with peer aggression may determine their subsequent adjustment, but different forms of coping may be more or less effective for particular children. This research examined whether the contribution of children’s coping to subsequent depressive symptoms was contingent on children’s temperament (i.e., level of negative emotionality; NE) and gender. Children (N = 235, 102 boys, 133 girls, M = 7.94 years, SD = 0.33) reported on exposure to peer victimization. Parents rated children’s NE and depressive symptoms, and teachers rated children’s coping. For girls with high NE, problem solving protected against depressive symptoms whereas seeking retaliation heightened risk for depressive symptoms. Advice seeking protected children with low NE against depressive symptoms whereas ignoring protected children with high NE against depressive symptoms. Humor predicted fewer depressive symptoms in boys with high NE but more depressive symptoms in boys with low NE. This research helps to elucidate individual differences in the effects of coping on adjustment, and has implications for interventions aimed at reducing risk resulting from exposure to peer aggression.
Voetnoten
1
Analyses also were conducted using mean scores on the coping measure. The results were highly similar to the results using proportion scores. In these analyses, all of the significant two-way interactions remained significant (Bs > 0.06, ts ≥ 2.30, ps ≤ 0.023). In terms of 3-way interactions, the Retaliation x NE x Gender and Problem Solving x NE x Gender interactions remained significant or marginal (B = 0.07, t(226) = 2.57, p = 0.006 and B = −0.05, t(226) = −1.53, p = 0.064, respectively). Across all the analyses, the only difference was that the Humor x NE x Gender interaction, previously marginal, became nonsignificant (B = 0.04, t(226) = 0.98, p = 0.164).
 
2
This was the case regardless of whether we used proportion scores or mean scores.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Depressive Symptoms Following Coping with Peer Aggression: The Moderating Role of Negative Emotionality
Auteurs
Niwako Sugimura
Karen D. Rudolph
Anna M. Agoston
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2014
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9805-1

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