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Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis 5/2019

10-09-2019 | Artikel

De ontwikkeling van het sociale brein: meer begrip van sociale en antisociale trajecten

Auteurs: Eduard T. Klapwijk, Eveline A. Crone

Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis | Uitgave 5/2019

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Samenvatting

Sociale vaardigheden zijn cruciaal voor een goede ontwikkeling van kind tot volwassene. In dit artikel bespreken we de ontwikkeling van het sociale brein, opgedeeld in verschillende hersennetwerken die betrokken zijn bij verschillende sociale vaardigheden. We richten ons met name op de adolescentie, een vormende periode, waarin jongeren zich kunnen ontwikkelen tot sociaal-betrokken volwassenen. Ook bespreken we wat bekend is over het functioneren van deze hersennetwerken bij jongeren die antisociaal gedrag vertonen, een groep jongeren die deels gekenmerkt wordt door afwijkend sociaal functioneren en het benadelen van anderen. De hersengebieden die zijn betrokken bij acceptatie en afwijzing en het ervaren van empathie zijn gevoelig voor onderlinge verschillen en omgevingsinvloeden, en lijken grotendeels uitgerijpt voor de adolescentie. Het hersennetwerk voor perspectief nemen ontwikkelt zich structureel en functioneel nog door gedurende de adolescentie. Ook wijken deze netwerken op verschillende manieren af bij jongeren die antisociaal gedrag vertonen; met name op het gebied van empathie en perspectief nemen.
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Metagegevens
Titel
De ontwikkeling van het sociale brein: meer begrip van sociale en antisociale trajecten
Auteurs
Eduard T. Klapwijk
Eveline A. Crone
Publicatiedatum
10-09-2019
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Neuropraxis / Uitgave 5/2019
Print ISSN: 1387-5817
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5785
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12474-019-00232-4

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