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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2022

17-04-2021 | Empirical Research

Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Peer Television Co-viewing and Media Internalization in Adolescent Girls and Boys

Auteurs: Ann Rousseau, Rachel F. Rodgers

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

Despite the potential of peers to reinforce cultural appearance ideals, little work on peer media co-viewing has focused on body image. This study therefore examined relationships among peer television co-viewing, perceptions of media as important appearance-related information sources, and internalization of media appearance ideals. Adolescents aged 10–14 were included (Study 1: N = 363, Mage (SD) = 12.30 (0.86), 56.5% female; Study 2: N = 959, Mage (SD) = 11.17 (1.11), 48.9% female). Evidence emerged for a positive cross-sectional relationship between peer television co-viewing and media internalization, via media credibility. However, longitudinally, among adolescents reporting frequent media-related peer conversations, peer television co-viewing was negatively associated with media credibility. Peer co-viewing and mediation may be implicated in appearance-related beliefs among adolescents.
Voetnoten
1
It is rather unlikely that adolescents set rules about television viewing of peers (i.e., restrictive mediation). Therefore, the current study only focuses on the role of active mediation (i.e., conversations with peers about television content) and peer co-viewing (i.e., viewing television together with peers).
 
2
Following the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), the number of books available at home was used as a proxy measure for family socio-economic. The respondents reported the number of books available at home by selecting one of the following categories: (1) 0–10 books; (2) 11–25 books; (3) 26–100 books; (4) 101–200 books, and (5) >200 books. This measure is considered to be a quite valid estimation of family SES (e.g., Lehmann & Nikolova, 2005) with children aged 8–9 years answering this question quite reliably (e.g., Kempert et al., 2011; Schnepf, 2004). The mean score on the SES variable was 3.05 (SD = 1.10), indicating that most of the respondents had an average socioeconomic status.
 
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Peer Television Co-viewing and Media Internalization in Adolescent Girls and Boys
Auteurs
Ann Rousseau
Rachel F. Rodgers
Publicatiedatum
17-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01437-9